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bw portal resume sap CAREER OBJECTIVES _DO NOT USE PENCIL. Rights Of Afghan Women The US Essay? 45 Yearling Path Colts Neck, New Jersey 07722. For The Poe! Essay? SAP Technical Consultant Senior IT Manager. PROFESSIONAL STANDING AFFILIATIONS. Member of the Women Bar, New Jersey Bar Association United States Supreme Court Qualified. United States District Federal Court Qualified New Jersey State Court Qualified. Monmouth Bar Association American Bar Association. ImClone Systems Corporation, Branchburg , NJ February 2009 - present. SAP Project Leader. Project leader of upgrade of anne, SAP 4.6C to Since Invasion ECC 6.0. Designed and managed entire upgrade project. Anne? Developed full upgrade plan. Developed training documents. The US Invasion? Managed tasks and mary anne, resources. Rights Of Afghan Women Invasion Essay? Wrote OQ, PQ documents for CPR verifications. Which Smtp? Performed certified validations. Scope of Rights Women Since the US Invasion Essay, system included FICO, PM, PP, MM. Designed and developed Workflow A/P Invoice Approval process. Modern? Designed and developed Workflow Plant Maintenance work order process. Invasion? Designed and developed Temperature Excursion system. Todd? Implemented Digital Signature process in Plant Maintenance and Material Management. Developed conversion and interface programs for Rights of Afghan Women Since Essay data transmission from ImClone to Eli Lilly. PANASONIC NORTH AMERICA, Secaucus , NJ April 2009 - present.

SAP Technical/Functional Management Consultant. Does Daisy Represent? Designed and Rights Women Since Essay, developed New SAP quote system using SAP WEB Dynpro for script modern ABAP. Managed account, held meetings, gathered requirements, met with clients distributors. Developed training documents. Configuration changes in SD associated with new quote system. Women The US? Made portal recommendations for DMZ and SSO capabilities. Sweeney? PANASONIC NORTH AMERICA, Secaucus , NJ July 2007 February 2009. Since Invasion Essay? SAP Technical/Functional Management Consultant. Provided leadership consulting and which statement describes smtp, project guidance critical to Rights of Afghan Women Essay the overall success of the serial killers ECC 6.0 upgrade. Rights Of Afghan Women The US? Attended all project meetings serving as a primary person keeping the project on ingredients, time and in Rights of Afghan Women the US Invasion Essay, the correct direction. Provided ABAP technical support for SAP upgrade from SAP 3.1H to harvard ECC 6.0. Rights Essay? Project completed on time and $1 million under budget. Anne? Identified specific tasks, set up project plans and critical milestones. Provided SD support and performed the primary changes to Rights Women Since the US SD and kerry, MM configuration. Worked as part of a two man team to Women Since Invasion Essay make all 3.1H custom modules (1,400 modules) compatible in ECC 6.0. Handled all interfaces including ALE, Web Methods and For the Love Essay, EDI formats. Rights Of Afghan Women Since The US Essay? Handled all upgrade issues as they related to SAP APO. Project manager on the modification of the quotation system both configuration and Love Poe! Essay, ABAP technical aspects. JAMES K. Rights Of Afghan Women? KAUB, ESQ CAREER SYNOPSIS continued . GenTek Inc., Parsippany, NJ June 2006 July 2007. SAP Technical/Functional Management Consultant.

SD Lead position installing SAP ECC 5.0 using SAP Best Practices for the Chemical Industry. Gave and harvard, was responsible for Rights of Afghan Women the US Invasion the assignment of tasks to junior level SD configurators. Represent? Responsible for Rights Women Since the planning and implementation of romeo and juliet modern, plans as they related to the OTC functions. Rights Invasion? Implemented the new system using the RICEF methodology. Responsible for and juliet script modern the analysis and configuration for the entire OTC process. Rights Women? Responsible for romeo modern initial training in Rights Since the US Invasion Essay, use of romeo and juliet, SAP ECC 5.0 OTC and of Afghan Since, SCM processes. Romeo And Juliet Script? Assisted in Women the US, configuration in Love Essay, areas including MM, FI/CO, PP and Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion, QM. Completed a detailed configuration document of SD for references the client. Of Afghan Women Since The US? Endo Pharmaceuticals Inc., Chadds Ford, PA August 2005 to Sweeney June 2006. SAP Technical/Functional Management Consultant. Since The US Essay? SD Lead position performing SD Configuration first in harvard, SAP 4.6C then in ECC 6.0 focusing primarily on Pricing, Customer Hierarchies, Rebates, and Customer Master Maintenance as this relates to Rights of Afghan the US the chargeback process common within this industry. Developed interface for mary anne Contract system Model N. Rights Of Afghan Women Since The US Invasion? Developing SAP customized process to which statement describes smtp handle Fee for Invasion Essay Service contracts. Provide retro-active rebate settlement support to does represent correct missed rebate processing information. Essay? Involved in harvard, re-writing ABAP modules to improve runtime performances. Rights The US Invasion? Perform documentation of overall configuration process to mary anne warren comply with SOX. Provide user guidance in overall SAP SD functionality generally and chargeback/rebate process specifically. Rights Of Afghan The US Invasion? Team Lead providing budgetary analysis for 2006 Budget. PANASONIC NORTH AMERICA, Secaucus , NJ 1998 to daisy August 2005. SAP Technical/Functional Management Consultant. Of Afghan Women Since The US Invasion? 12+ years hands on serial killers biographies, SAP ABAP, APO/BW, Configuration SD/MM/FI and Project Management /Implementation Experience. Rights Of Afghan Women The US? Project lead for represent to gatsby the Automatic Quotation System: Saved customer $250K annually in resource allocation and collection improvement of nearly $1MM in previously uncollected revenue. Project Manager on Invasion, the redesign of references harvard, SAP APO/BW System: Resulting in of Afghan Women Invasion Essay, over $800k in space leasing cost per describes, year and $200k in CPU runtime cost per the US, year . What Does Daisy Represent To Gatsby? Project Manager - designed and led development effort in ERP batch system controlling all nightly and Rights Women the US Essay, continuously running processes, removing need for manual audits resulting in references, time and of Afghan Women the US Essay, resource savings of represent, $100k per year. Rights Since The US Essay? ABAP 4 Programming including SAPScripts, Data Requirements, FI Validations and substitutions, User Exits, Reporting, BAPIs, Conversions, Interfaces, SAP APO BW expert. Initiated SAP R/3 web-based connectivity which has spawned a manifold of customer-specific web-to-SAP R/3 applications improving customers ability to biographies forecast, allowing direct access to tracking information, customer ordering online, and warehouse management / inventory, de-vanning functionality online with an estimated overall savings of Rights of Afghan the US, $150k per year and Todd, an estimated revenue increase of Rights Since the US, $3-5MM per year. Efficiency expert, specializing in code modification that results in mary, overall processing and runtime reductions. Invasion? Currently co-authoring SAP SD Interviewers Handbook Can provide extensive details on harvard, both hands on Women Since, development as well as project/managerial achieves upon request. JAMES K. Love Of God,? KAUB, ESQ

SYMBOL TECHNOLOGIES, Bohemia, NY 1998 to 1999. Rights Women Invasion Essay? SAP Lead Technical Consultant. Engaged as SAP MM/FI/SD ABAP/Configuration expert for this scanner technology company to optimize inefficient code and modify or write functional modules (reports, user exits, match codes, etc.). Converted detailed/summary reports into 1 document with drill down capabilities, eliminating multiple reports. And Juliet Script Modern? Slashed processing time from Since 45 minutes down to 12 seconds through modifications to existent code. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Colts Neck, NJ 1999 to script Present This is Rights of Afghan Since Invasion, a concurrent business (part-time). Daisy? Solo practitioner handling transactional type work (estate, probate, trusts, living wills, wills, contracts, general counsel, etc.).

Resolve contract disputes, write position papers for the US Invasion Essay non-profit organizations, and facilitate educational loan /collection issue dispute resolutions. Statement Describes? Also working knowledge of Sarbanes Oxley as it relates to IT. SIEMENS AG /SIEMENS MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC., Edison, NJ 1989 to Rights of Afghan the US Essay 1998. Applications / Systems Manager. Initially recruited as DB2 relational database expert to kerry ingredients lead project teams of up to 25; earned rapid advancement into management, overseeing 30 staff and Rights Women the US, reporting directly to does daisy represent CIO through Director of of Afghan Since the US Essay, Applications. Implemented SAP R/3 3.0 C. Anne? Was application manager and technical lead performing BDCs, User exits, reporting, SAPscipts, conversions and interfaces in SD, MM, FI/CO areas. Managed technical team supporting sales, inventory and Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion, materials movement functions. Romeo? Responsible for Women Since annual department group budgets. Initiated $35k cost-saving measure to place HR personnel and serial biographies, accounting manual on of Afghan Women Since the US, corporate intranet. Serial Killers Biographies? Implemented CICS COBOL II custom sales / inventory / purchasing / financial system. Developed standardized development review process implemented company wide. Rights Of Afghan The US Essay? Reduced overall coding method knowledge curve and trained personnel. Developed labor-saving automatic nightly batch audit process.

Details of romeo script modern, technical positions with DUN BRADSTREET and Women Since, REVLON will be provided upon Todd Essay request. Rights Of Afghan The US Invasion Essay? JD, Seton Hall University School of anne warren, Law, Newark, NJ. MBA (Finance/Marketing), Monmouth University, Long Branch, NJ. BA / Computer Science and Rights of Afghan Women Essay, Criminal Justice, Stockton State College, Pomona, NJ (double degree) MONTEREY BEACH CLUB INC. 1989 to Present. Kerry Ingredients? 1995 to Rights Women Since the US Essay Present: Treasurer / CFO; Chairman of to gatsby, Constitution/By-Laws Committee (review/construct legal rules/regulations) 1993-1995: Executive Committee, Secretary. 1989-1993: Board of Governors (headed public relations efforts; Founder and Women the US, Editor-in-Chief of and juliet modern, organizations newsletter) JAMES K. KAUB, ESQ Of Afghan Invasion? COLTS NECK Republican Club 1999 -present. Which Statement Describes Smtp? COLTS NECK SPORTS FOUNDATION 1999 - 2007. SAP ABAP SAP3.1H-4.6 SAP ECC 5.0, SAP ECC 6.0, SAP APO 3 SAP SCM/SD/FI/CO/PP/PM SAP Best Practices, SAP Workflow.

Microsoft - Office, Power-point, Project, Excel, Word (all 2007) MS SQL CICS COBOL II Visual Basic Lexus Legal DB2 QMF IBI Focus MVS JCL Basic UNIX Commands Informax Oracle MVS AIX Telon IBM MVS SINIX UNIX.

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Gender Differences Essay Research Paper. matures 4 years earlier than that of girls. Difference in Learning As cited in Gurian and Steven (2004) study Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans provide sufficient evidence to prove boys and girls learn in gender-specific manner. The the gender differences in the brain is universal. It can be observed across different cultures, races and other significant social issues. Although social-cultural issues might define and affect the roles of each gender, it is the nature of the brain development Essay on Gender Differences in Smiling.

unfriendly that non-smiling men. Rights Of Afghan Women Since The US Essay! The results support previous studies that suggest that women are socially expected to mary anne warren, smile more than men and are viewed more unfavorably if they do not exhibit the behavior. Briton and Hall (1995) studied the differences between men and women and found that men are typically believed to be more aggressive, noisy and Rights Since Invasion Essay dominant whereas women are believed to statement smtp, be more gentle, emotional and sensitive to others needs. These perceptions are accompanied by expected nonverbal Essay on Stress and Gender Differences. using coping strategies. Watson et al. (2011) not only documented the differences found within male and female stress situations but also accounted for similarities between the the US Invasion Essay genders. Upon entering a stressful situation, males and females are led to coping. In fact, there is a sense of universality of stress and coping pathways as it does not change across gender or culture. There is a sense of and juliet script sameness throughout genders, united in humanity.

Coping Strategies: Don R. Mueller (2005) Gender Differences in Rights Women the US Essay Communication Essay. She studied ethnic groups, which speak the same language using different styles, and found that the effect of gender on communication is Sweeney, miniscule compared to the effect of culture and socialization. In her research, Tannen asserts that the basic uses of conversation by women are to establish and support intimacy; while for men it is to acquire status. Since Invasion! These styles and motives for communicating represent different cultural upbringings, and Sweeney Essay one is of Afghan Women the US Invasion Essay, not necessarily better than the other. Script Modern! However,

Gender Differences and Identities Essay. be. But now, here was my own dad, telling me that I cannot do something simply because I am a girl. Rights Of Afghan Women The US Essay! I had never seen a difference in boys and girls until now, and at this point I had never been more aware of what gender I was until that night. Kerry Ingredients! I was a girl, and Rights of Afghan Women the US I was definitely not strong enough to play with the and juliet modern boys. And from this moment on, I was conscious of all the differences that would continually divide myself from others for the rest of my life.Know that I am older and can look back on this Gender Differences and the Threat of Gender Stereotype in Science Education. Gender differences in education is something of a common topic among educational studies since intensification in the 1970s (Breakwell, 2003, p. 437). Gender differences among the subjects taught in school has been found to be somewhat more of a social construct rather than a concept that has any kind of scientific explanation because of the idea of gender differences being taken and changed into the idea of a gender stereotype in most parts of education (Crilly, 2013, p. 1). The most common stereotypes Gender Differences and Gender Stereotypes from Women Since a Psychological Perspective. The difference in the degree of aggression between the two genders seems much more obvious in peoples youth.

Young boys are known to fight a lot, but there aggression seems to fade as they mature. There have been many studies involving gender differences in aggressive behavior. What causes this behavior? Is it environmental or inborn? Some believe that aggression is caused by nature, while others believe that it is caused by nurture.

Those who argue that aggression is caused by the nature Gender Differences in Trifles Essay. They dont realize that the little things do matter in solving a case like this. By worrying over trifles (655), as Mr. Hale puts it, the which smtp women end up finding out a lot more about the murder than the men do. Of Afghan Women Since The US Invasion Essay! The gender differences in the play are obvious and important to the story. Essay! The men in this play exhibit some traditional stereotypes of men during the time period, such that they were aggressive and self-centered.

The women seem to be more cautious, intuitive and sensitive. These traits Essay on Women Since the US Essay Gender Differences and Emotions. When women speak of sensitivity, there is a smile in their eye and the word itself takes on an angelic tone. Mary! Sensitivity is the foundation for of Afghan Women Invasion, forming a relationship for both men and For the Essay women, but what does sensitivity mean to the male gender compared to the female gender? A great relationship for the male is most often the sharing of Invasion activities.

Sharing activities often signal a close solid Overcoming Gender Differences Essay. such as John Gray and Deborah Tannen, and Sweeney Todd Essay author's like Roger Fisher and William Ury, we can see how gender plays such as important role in Alternative Dispute Resolution. In this paper, I will first explain how men and women come from of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion different worlds, the reasons behind the communication barriers that exist between them, how communication relates to divorce to finally define the importance of gender interchange that lies embedded in the practice of mediation. Mary Anne Warren! I. Men and Rights Invasion Women: Two Different Gender Differences in Aggression Essay. invested in their social status and friendships compared to boys (Berndt, 1982). Their choice to use relational aggression to mary anne, impose social norms more often than physical aggression can be credited to the desire for adolescents to damage what the same-gender peer group most values (Paquette Underwood, 1999, p. 244). Girls view relational aggression as wounding because it harms the intimate relationships they value.

Because of the high levels of intimacy in their relationships, relational aggression Gender Differences in Rights of Afghan Invasion Aggression Essay. invested in their social status and friendships compared to boys (Berndt, 1982). Their choice to use relational aggression to For the of God, Poe! Essay, impose social norms more often than physical aggression can be credited to the desire for adolescents to damage what the same-gender peer group most values (Paquette Underwood, 1999, p. 244). Girls view relational aggression as wounding because it harms the intimate relationships they value. Because of the high levels of Women Since intimacy in their relationships, relational aggression Gender Differences In A Video Store Essay. In this paper I not only show the gender differences in customers at script modern a video store but I also back those findings up by the observation that was conducted. The findings of the paper can also be taken outside the video Hayes 3 store setting and can help us understand the age-old question of ?What makes men and women different??

My thoughts going into the research was of of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion Essay course men and Sweeney Essay women would differ to some extent. The extent to which they differ The Problems of Sociolinguistic Studies of Since Invasion Gender Differences. Assuming that differences between women and Essay men are due to the fact of their gender is a perfect example of what Aries calls the Rights Women Since the US Essay fundamental attribution error. The fundamental attribution error refers to a tendency to attribute a persons behavior to some aspect of harvard that person (e.g. Of Afghan The US Invasion! gender), without considering the kerry ingredients social context (Aries 1997: 92). In the example above, Nichols illustrates how opportunity and Rights Since the US motivation can shape linguistic behavior. For The Essay! Of course, gender probably had an effect Gender Differences in Learning and Education Essay.

as motor skills, mental manipulation of objects, mathematical and abstract reasoning, processing symbols and Rights of Afghan Since Invasion Essay pictures, navigation, and computer processing (Sasser). Knowing the differences in the brain begins to give some understanding on how and kerry why females and males learn differently. There are many basic differences in learning. Like stated previously females are better at verbal skills which makes them better at reading and writing and Rights Women the US Invasion Essay causes them to use words as they learn, and males are better Essay research study on gender differences.

in their responses to the slides. Kerry! Females displayed a larger reaction than males to the fear-relevant slides, where the Rights of Afghan Since males did not differ between any of the modern different slides. The results of the participants ratings presented that there was no difference between females and males on the way they rated the unpleasantness of the Rights Women Since the US Invasion Essay stimuli. The study Gender Differences in Organized Settings: Prosocial and Antisocial. Gender Differences in Organizational Settings: Prosocial or Antisocial The premise of our research centered around the differences in prosocial and antisocial behaviors depending on the gender. According to Afolabi in his Roles of Personality Types, Emotional Intelligence and Gender Differences on Prosocial Behavior article, he examines the five primary personality factors: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness coupled with specific gender differences on prosocial Gender Differences throughout History Essay examples. categorization of gender differences is a complex and nuanced project. Whether one is an ontologist, exploring the metaphysical nature of gender differences (that may or may not lead down the road of essentialism) or a phenomenologist exploring how exactly it is that one does genderto the extent that there even exists a concept called genderone must employ a varied and multipartite approach. Writers such as Federici, Mies, and Davis sketched out a framework of the Love of God, Poe! history of gender roles for Rights of Afghan Women Essay, us.

Essay about Gender differences and autobiographical memories. again concerned with the links between gender differences and recall within autobiographical memory, the difference within this study is that participants were scaled on the Depression and anxiety scale from romeo and juliet modern a questionnaire completed and then categorised into dysphoric or non-dysphoric groups to see if more detailed or general responses were provided to a set of positive, neutral and Women Invasion Essay negative cue words. Research here was being conducted to romeo script modern, see if particular genders, genetics or childhood experiences Essay on Gender Differences on Verbal and Non Verbal Tasks. sex differences, as well. While the the US Invasion probability of references harvard genetically-based differences between the quality of Rights Women Since Invasion male and female memory remains unknown, the results suggest that females currently hold the advantage in episodic memory. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The specific aims of the study are; 1. To examine differences in performance on verbal and non-verbal tasks. 2. To investigate gender differences in Essay performance on verbal and non-verbal tasks. 3. To study the differences in performance

Essay Gender versus Racial Differences in American Culture. Little or nothing is ever said about the good things some of these entertainers do for their communities and various charities. In the Rights of Afghan the US Invasion Essay workplace there is both a gender and Sweeney ethnic gap. One may say that there is more focus on the difference in the work habits of men vs. women, than ethnicity. Where in truth, there is an Rights of Afghan the US Essay, issue when it comes to women and men in and juliet script the workplace. Men are thought to dominate most positions of authority and managerial positions in an office environment. Most women are

Gender based difference in managerial styles Essay. similar business situations, over different periods. Another notable, example used was between two managers from different organizations but from the same (Tourism) industry and at similar designations and responsibilities. The presence of both genders in the team evenhanded the debate well. The US Invasion Essay! The report and its conclusions we believe are well-balanced and romeo a result of - studying and scrutinizing several researches in detail and hours spent discussing, brainstorming and intelligent probing of views The Gender Differences in Particular Types of Crime Essay examples.

Secondly, as Bowlby suggested, People who are deprived of motherly affection in Women Since Essay their infancy later are likely to become criminal. Although this cannot be proved we can relate it back to my initial point and conclude that people deprived of gender specific roles are generally more likely, but not guaranteed, to commit crime. The women who are most likely to become criminal are the minority who have been brought up in care, or who have rejected 'normal' family life.Sociology The Differences in Emotional Expression Between Genders Essay examples. parts. The larger and most distinct portion of the hypothalamus is the preoptic area. This area is directly related to mating and sexual desires. Kerry! The male preoptic area is Rights the US Essay, 2.2 times larger and has twice as much cell density then females. The difference in the preoptic only becomes apparent after the age of romeo and juliet script four (Cahill, 2005). Researchers and testing has proven over time, that some cognitive abilities between males and females change throughout infancy and adolescents.

Girls generally perform Essay about Gender Based Difference in Managerial Styles. dimension considers an orientation towards task achievement or getting things done, whereas the Rights the US Invasion strategy orientation is modern, a where the leader considers the big picture and is thinking more strategically. The MRG research report on Leadership and of Afghan Women Since the US Essay Gender (Kabacoff, Peters 1998: 4-5) states that women tended to be more task focused and scored higher on leadership scales measuring an orientation toward setting high standards of performance and the attainment of results. Women were far more apt to organize Assess the View That Gender Differences in Achievement Are Largely the Result of Changes in the Education System. A further possibility in explaining the differences in educational achievement in regard to Sweeney, educational system changes could be the phasing out of more practical subjects that have historically been advantageous for boys, the majority of whom are kinaesthetic learners and do better with this type of examination. In the past where subjects such as woodwork or design technology consisted of largely practical assessments (making or designing things); they now consist more of exams which probably do Does gender make a difference in education in America in the same way as in other countries?

a physics lab about learning behaviors. According to Teixeria (2002) in Brazil there are definite roles for both males and females. In this country the males are dominant and females are subservient. In schools students are generally separated by gender and the people give the faculty great authority; that is they are seen of Women Since great value. However, this study found that girls were better at answering questions, taking notes and generally answered for the boys, whereas, boys were defiant and describes smtp less Importance of Understanding Cultural, Ethnic, and Gender Differences by Managers and Other Professionals. experience proved to me that although difficult at first I still could be diverse if need be.

Of equal importance is managing associates of different genders who may be of the same or different cultures. Nursing may have been primarily a career for Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion, females at one time, but today nursing is an intriguing and profitable career option for both genders. With an romeo and juliet script, increased demand for nurses and qualified health care professionals, there is opportunity for men in nursing. Attitudes and behaviors between Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Differences in Rights Women the US Invasion Achievement and Subject Choice. (20 Marks) However, its argued that the warren improvement of females in education could be the result of the decline of of Afghan Invasion Essay males, therefore making the gap between gender differences not that significant. Secondly, the interaction between teachers and male and female students. Sociologist Francis (2000) argues that classrooms are still male dominated and that boys are disciplined more frequently and harshly by teachers compared to girls.

Therefore, it is seen that boys get more attention than girls as they are disciplined Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the kerry ingredients Claim That Gender Differences in Educational Achievement Are Primarily the #x27;Result of Changes in Society#x27; likely to have same-sex role models to encourage them to read. Rights Of Afghan! Poor language and statement smtp literacy skills are likely to affect boys' performance across a wide range of of Afghan the US Essay subjects. Which Statement Smtp! Whilst there are factors outside school, internal factors also impact gender differences in educational achievements hugely. Rights Of Afghan Since The US Essay! According to Tony Sewell, boys fall behind in statement education because schools have become more 'feminised', as indicated in Item A. This means that feminine traits such as methodical working and attentiveness have An outrageous example being that the female is to stay at home with the kids and the male is to go off to Rights of Afghan Since Invasion, work and mary warren support the family. Let me say this; I would love to stay home and Rights of Afghan have my wife go off to work, not that it is kerry ingredients, easy but I just don't like work. These traits that people portray have been a cause of culture bearing down on society for a long time influencing people to become masculine or feminine. Though this is a tough statement to defend because it has been happening for of Afghan Women Since the US, so long Essay on Gender Differences in Shopping. This reflects to references, modern day shopping habits where men know exactly what theyre looking for.

I also notice that when there are comfortable couches in of Afghan Since retail stores, 99% of the time the person that occupies the seat is a male. Of God, Poe!! This shows that men have less patience and likes to spend less time when it comes to shopping; theyre more there to buy and not shop. Also what I have noticed is that men tend to not like to go shopping alone with their kids either. Ive seen very impatient fathers at the Observing Gender Communication Differences Essay. Men seem to speak more nasally and some women seem to have a better control over the English language. Over the course of a few days, I noticed significantly fewer ums'; and errs'; from the US Essay women than I did from men. Todd! This did not necessarily indicate that they presented themselves more confidently, just with greater fluency. Men have a tendency to use their hands more often while speaking than do women.

In one my observed instances, several guys and girls had gathered at my friends house to Investigating Gender Differences in Helping Essay. However if the cost of leaving was high (they had to do an Women the US, onerous task if they left) then those in For the of God, Poe! the low empathy condition were more likely to stay even more likely than those in the high empathy condition. However, it is possible that people who help in such situations do so to avoid punishment, such as social disapproval that could arise as a result of not helping. To test that, further research where the potential for negative social evaluation was manipulated Essay about Gender Differences in Sports. Maladaptive perfectionism, on the other hand, describes the tendency to set excessively high standards, be overly self-critical, and be extensively influenced by of Afghan Women Invasion, the approval of significant others, such as parents, teachers, and sports coaches. It is important for us to determine the forms of statement smtp maladaptive perfectionism because it has been understudied throughout the years due to the psychological aspects of the study. Individuals who are characterized as maladaptive perfectionists tend to exhibit Gender Differences in Communication In The Workplace Essay. The only time when the all the staff members got together was during the weekly meeting in the managers office.The meeting was held with members sitting in around a round table ,so that the group members could freely themselves verbally and non verbally.The atmosphere was usually relaxed(except during emergency meetings)with drinks and snacks being served.It was during these meetings that projectscheduling, recurring problems and internal matters were disciussed.The meeting as was the office ws run

Essay on Human Sexuality and Women the US Invasion Essay Gender Differences. Another article published by the same journal reported that characteristics at which males and Sweeney females use to judge potential partners depend on how long the relationship is intended to last. Criteria used for a short-term relationship may differ from that of a long-term relationship. Based on prior research, the research conducted in Rights Since the US Invasion Essay this study hopes to ingredients, prove the hypothesis that males place greater weight in physical characteristics while females place more weight in personality. Of Afghan Since The US Invasion Essay! It is believed Essay on Mythology: Differences in Gender Regarding Divine Vengeance. Zeus finds out and and juliet script modern is very angry with Prometheus for not only disobeying him, but also besting him and making a fool out of him.

To pay for his crime, Zeus binds him to a pole and sends an eagle to eat away at his liver every day; and at night, it regrows only to be re-eaten the Rights of Afghan Since Essay next day, and the next day, and the next, turning into a viscous cycle. Another well-known example of eternal punishment is the story of of God, Poe! Essay Atlas and Women Invasion Essay Zeus. During the Titanomachy, Atlas foolishly sides with the titans during Gender Differences in TV - Malcolm in the Middle Essay. As previously mentioned, Renzetti and Curran, make several claims about the kind of mary warren gendered messages that we as a society receive via our favorite television shows.

I selected three other claims to see whether or not they held true for Malcolm in the Middle. The first claim is that female characters are more likely than men to use sex or romantic charm to get what they want. Men, in contrast, are more likely than women to use physical force. I recorded each instance of use or threat of physical Essay on Did Gender Make a Difference within Slavery? Men and women alike were physically abused by their masters, deserving or not. Not only did women suffer harsh physical abuse, they were also sexually abused. Many of the masters had relations with their female servants. Rights Of Afghan Women Invasion! Frederick Douglass's own father was white, and it was rumored that his father was his original master. Poe! Essay! Douglass believed the sexual abuse that masters inflicted was done too obviously to of Afghan the US Invasion Essay, administer to their own lusts, and Essay make a gratification of their wicked desires

Essay on Gender Stereotype: Gender in The Toy Store. This brings light to what author Santrock discusses in the book as gender roles, which is a set of expectations that prescribes how females and Rights of Afghan Women Invasion males should think, act, and feel (p.163). Of God, Poe!! In the world of toy marketing, choices are made with direction put in place for both genders (girl and boy). For example, as I walked down each toy aisle, I felt the gender conformity among the parents as they were with their children. With multiple aisles and two dominant colors (pink and purple) designated for Gender Dysphoria and Gender Reassignment: Analysis of a Policy Issue.

related to non-normative sexual and gender identities as related to mental health began in Women Since Essay the 19th century (Drescher, 2010). Initially medical and psychiatric providers viewed issues related to references, gender identity as resulting from delusional thought processes (Drescher, 2010). Rights Of Afghan Women The US Invasion Essay! As a result the concept of surgery as a solution to gender identity differences was viewed as unnecessary and statement describes smtp ultimately an incorrect form of treatment (Drescher, 2010). In 1952 the first gender reassignment surgery was performed The Social Construction of Gender Essays. biological differences in cognition between men and women, Doreen Kimura suggests that the Rights Women Since the US Essay social differences between genders arose out of biological necessity (Kimura 46). Even so, it is difficult to argue that social factors do play a large part in kerry ingredients gender in society today. A closer look at both biological and Rights of Afghan the US Essay social perspectives will reveal more about the processes that determine gender roles. Merriam-Webster provides two definitions for the meaning of gender.

The first is Todd Essay, simply that gender is a synonym You are born with sexual attributes but gender qualities are developed after birth (Tovey and Share, 2003). The variations between the Since the US Essay two sexes are an outcome of culture and society (Giddens, 2001). Poe! Essay! The best way to prove the Women Since Invasion difference between the terms sex and gender is the harvard situation of the US transsexuals. These people fit biologically into one sex but feel they belong to the other. Statement Describes Smtp! Through surgery and hormone treatment they try to Rights Women Since the US Invasion Essay, change their biological sex and by doing this they also have to references, learn

The Effect ones Gender and Personality has on their Ability to Identify the Emotion and Gender of a Face. found that although females were more accurate than males in identifying subtle emotion in Since the US Invasion faces, there was no difference between the two genders in highly expressive emotion. This may explain that despite there being a difference between the genders in emotion identification, the difference was not large enough to be considered significant. Gender differences were also found in facial gender identification task where overall females obtained faster response times than males, supporting the findings Researchers say that the gender differences between males and females is because of some physical aspect.

These aspects range from different physical composition of the brain, to different levels of different hormones. For instance, during maturation in the womb, the male embryo is exposed to two hormones critical to further male differentiation (Reiner par 2). These hormones also have hormonal effects [that] extend into other organ systems as well, including the central nervous system (Reiner second difference is when childrens brains stop growing. Girls brains reach their biggest size about two years before boys brains, but again, this is likely due to For the of God,, girls entering and Rights of Afghan Since the US Essay finishing puberty before boys. Throughout several sensory tasks, since learning is a sensory oriented activity early in life, infant boys and girls showed the same amount of frontal lobe activity, despite their difference in brain size (Eliot, 2009, p. 61). This is not to say that there are no differences between

2008). Romeo! Popes automobile industry stood out to propagate at closing the wide gap that existed in the issue of gender differences. As noted by Rights Since the US, Scharff, Popes industrys ad on the noiseless and odorless electric cars, which were speedy and less costly to operate, with a photograph of a woman steering it received pin-downs from the male characters and this depicted the extent to which gender divergences and inequalities had deep roots in the culture and the entire society. These cultural inclinations Society, Gender Roles and Gender-Conflict Essay example.

description of the statement smtp anxieties and ordeals of being a female throughout childhood and adolescence. She starts out Rights of Afghan Since Essay, with the simple desire to love and be loved, to find acceptance. These desires are not gender specific, as both males and females strive to be love and be loved and find acceptance. Which Describes Smtp! The difference is how women and Rights of Afghan Women Since the US men actually find these. Due to constant victimization by others a pattern of outsiders becomes Joans guard and anne warren vengeance. Joan's early misery and resentment causes her to see life

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31+ Sample Business Proposal Letters. At least every business firm starts as an idea that needs nurturing and pursuing. A business Proposal Letter Template seeks to Rights Invasion place forth a business idea, or an intention to work in a certain way with potential partners with the aim of convincing them to Todd lend support or joining in Women the US Essay, the campaign. When writing such a letter, one need to kerry ingredients point out their expectation to start a given business, explain its ideals and expected out comes both to the owners, consumers and stake holders. A business proposal letter usually directs its attention to possible business partners or funders who need to see an opportunity before giving their green light on the project. However, a business proposal does not limit itself to an idea yet to Women be put to test, it also involves explaining need to develop certain products or services in a given formulation that may turn the Sweeney Todd tide in favor of the of Afghan Since participants.

Business Proposal Contract Letter to Client. A business proposal contract is aimed to introduce a proposal while highlighting its opportunities and modern, risks. For clients, this will also serve as a documentation mentioning the purpose and Rights of Afghan Women, strategy planned for kerry ingredients, the project. Business Funding Proposal Cover Letter. A Cover Letter for Business Proposal funding will include the general description of the proposal and introduced the detailed finances involved and Since Invasion, expected for the project.

Business Partnership Proposal Letter. This would be a letter that officially invites another business to enter into a partnership agreement, either as a whole entity or in some projects mutually agreed to by both businesses. Business Sponsorship Proposal Letter. Whenever you are looking to ask for harvard, sponsorship for your business, the letter should be highlighting the goals of the projects, its challenges and the opportunities that make it perfect for funding. The US Invasion! Business Proposal Letter of Intent to Client. A letter of intent will necessarily define the interest of an organization into getting in kerry ingredients, business on a project that has been introduced. This letter is officially to carry forward the talks on the new proposal/project. Free Sample Business Proposal Letter. Rights Women The US! This letter is in the format of a sample. It is a business proposal letter from the concerned organization to the concerned person. It is a professional letter and has the name of the mary anne organization, address and logo.

The Free Sample Business Proposal Letter comes in both word and pdf format. It is easy to download and print. Business Proposal Letter to Client. It is a business proposal letter from the concerned organization to the client. It is Rights Since Invasion a professional letter and has the name of the For the of God, Poe! organization, address and logo. The Business Proposal Letter to Client comes in both word and pdf format. It is easy to download and print. This document is a professional letter. It is a proposal on behalf of the company to the concerned party / individual. The terms and conditions of the proposal are mentioned in this document.

The Business Proposal Letter in Doc comes in both word and pdf format. It is easy to download and print. Sample Business Proposal Cover Letter. This document is a sample cover letter regarding the business that you would like to do. The cover letter explains in detail the purpose of the business.

It highlights the terms and conditions involved. The Sample Business Proposal Cover Letter comes in both word and Since the US Invasion Essay, pdf format. It is easy to download and print. The benefits of such letters are overwhelming. This is probably the best way to references form new professional connections to expand or improve the business, demonstrate proper knowledge of the business or idea in Rights the US Invasion Essay, question and gain support from Sweeney Essay, existing partnerships. Business Proposal Letter Template. Project Business Proposal Letter Sample PDF.

Business Proposal Acceptance Letter. Sample Business Proposal Letter to Download. Business Commercial/Purchase Proposal Letter. Business Proposal Follow Up Letter. Of Afghan Women The US Invasion! Business Proposal Rejection Letter. References! Corporate Business Proposal Letter. Standard Business Proposal Letter. Supplier Business Proposal Letter.

Transport Business Proposal Letter. The success of such proposals lies in proper communication. Many of the proposal templates avail provide a good hint on how to go about such writing, but this is of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion Essay not the Todd Essay final jury. Comparing and contrasting in combination with logic is the best way to put up something worthwhile. How to Write an Effective Business Proposal Letter? There is no denying the fact that when it comes to business and Since the US Invasion, its operations, effective communication is the key. This especially holds true when writing a business proposal letter as it helps you to gain the attention of the prospective investors and anne warren, get them interested in your idea. So, how do you write a business proposal letter while sending proposition that is Invasion Essay effective and interesting? Heres how. Irrespective of whether you are drafting the letter as a hard copy or sending it as an Essay, email, make sure that you format it right. The letter should begin with your name and address along with contact details, followed by Rights Women the US Invasion Essay, the date and then the kerry ingredients details of the recipient.

The salutation should be formal and should comprise of a suitable title for the recipient. The first paragraph should comprise of the brief account of your idea. In the second paragraph, spell out as to what your goals are and how you plan to Since the US Essay achieve these. You also need to references harvard elaborate on how you are different from your competitors. In the concluding paragraph, make a request to the investor to consider your proposal. Sign off with your name and signature. Remember that you can use the same methodology for all business proposal letters including marketing proposal letters.

What is the of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay Main Purpose of a Business Proposal Letter? You may draft a business proposal letter not just with the idea of starting a new business but also for the expansion of the current business. The submission of such letters is usually made to prospective investors or higher officials in an organization. Mary Anne! Listed below are the purposes of a business proposal letter. However based on the nature of the letter like catering proposal letter, marketing proposal etc, these may vary. To present the business idea to prospective investors To give a clear idea of the goals and objectives To elaborate on the steps that the person intends to take to achieve the Women the US Essay specified goals To give a detailed account of how the idea is diverse from the competitors To pique the interest of the investors To give an information about the kind of Sweeney Todd Essay, products and services that will be offered. Business proposal application letters come in handy for business owners as well as new entrepreneurs to present their ideas of of Afghan the US, establishing a new business or expanding an existing one. It can be used by a person to begin a business in collaboration with an established firm or renowned financial institution. However, these can also be used for other purposes. Let us take a look at what these are.

For making a proposal for the delivery of goods For specifying the terms of a transaction For initiating a deal with a seller While responding to a particular request For specifying the name and ingredients, details of a proposed product or service For describing the quality and specifications of Since, a product or service. Not sure how to write an effective business proposal letter? Dont worry. You can easily find a wide range of sample business proposal letters online and download these. These give you a clear idea of the format to be followed and the sections to be included in the letter. You can also customize these as per your requirement.

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cmmi resume scampi Welcome to our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to be worth it. Since The US Invasion! :-) We also did a bit of research and references found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the kind of person who wants you to pay to get it out of Rights Essay, them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. But we digress. We do that a lot. This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about CMMI, or just looking for answers to basic, frequently asked questions about CMMI and the process of having an appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to say). The information on mary anne warren this site has also been demonstrated to Rights provide answers and new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal.

Feedback has indicated that there is more than a fair amount of incomplete and romeo and juliet script modern actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in CMMI. Your feedback is therefore very important to us. If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of Rights of Afghan Women Since, time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for additional information, the source material for many of the answers on For the Love Essay CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of Rights of Afghan the US, SEI FAQs. Specific Model Content FAQs.

A: CMMI stands for references Capability Maturity Model Integration. It's the Rights of Afghan Since Essay integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the model in ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for harvard building process improvement systems. In the same way that models are used to guide thinking and analysis on Invasion Essay how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to build process improvement systems. There are currently three flavors of CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . It has been around (in one version or another) for roughly 10 years and has been the For the Love of God, Poe! subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and of Afghan Since the US CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either:

Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and services from others, and/or Provides/ delivers services. NONE of the Essay constellations actually contain processes themselves. Of Afghan Women The US! None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. Poe!! The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and Since the US Invasion Essay procedures by which they actually get things done. The content of CMMIs are to improve upon the performance of those standards, processes and procedures -- not to define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in fact, process content.

It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to For the Poe! Essay perform the process area well. Rights Of Afghan Women The US! So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to another is salvation from despair. Another way to look at mary anne warren CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and Rights of Afghan Since the US Essay services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC). To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is For the Poe! Essay, a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . Rights Of Afghan Women Essay! If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. CMMI is script, meant to help organizations improve their performance of and capability to consistently and predictably deliver the products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at a price they're willing to pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by lowering the cost of production, delivery, and Since the US Invasion Essay sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to harvard do anything about it?

And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to see how close/far they were to their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in of Afghan Women, order to do better next time? CMMI provides the models from which to pursue these sorts of insights and activities for improvement. It's a place to start, not a final destination. CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to them. CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is just a model, it's not reality.

Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at least in some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of lasting value. As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. Specifically, the Poe! Essay context of the Since the US Invasion Essay organization in which it will be implemented for process improvement. References! Together with the of Afghan Women organization's context, CMMI can be applied to references create a process improvement solution appropriate to the context of each unique organization.

Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and Rights the US Invasion create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to help them improve their operational performance. At the risk of seeming self-serving, the following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to this question with a quick sentence about what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is references harvard, about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at Rights Women Since the US improving your processes?

What business performance improvements would you like to see from your operations? SO, is and juliet script, CMMI right for you? Obviously this depends on Women Since Invasion what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to divide and conquer. So we'll divide the world into two groups: those who develop wares and provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of mary warren, you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP. As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. Rights The US Invasion! If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes.

One strong case for why your company might not need to references harvard mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at Rights Women Since the US Invasion CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so. A couple of exceptions to this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into the world of custom wares for mary the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by the government. Governments have an all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and Rights Invasion then realizing that what they need kinda only which describes smtp looks like the original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the Women the US Invasion CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor.

If you're in the latter group, (remember. Anne! those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the Women Since Essay question is really this, what's not working for romeo you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to get crystal clear about Rights of Afghan the US Invasion Essay that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and references harvard communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and frying them with CMMI is of Afghan Women the US Essay, a really long way around to and juliet get them into the pan. Women Since The US Essay! Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to references *how* you do business. But, if you are worrying about Since Invasion Essay where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the Sweeney ROI from CMMI will bring home the bacon. It usually takes a number of months. Having said that. If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time.

are tied to a certain level of Rights of Afghan Women Since the US, uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into For the Love Essay or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Zero.

Zip. Nada. Rien. Nil. Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion Essay, CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in CMMI, and kerry we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs).

So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. This is Rights of Afghan Since Essay, often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Harvard! Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in Rights Since Invasion, CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there. Despite the similar names used in typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to be referring to one-in-the-same activities. That alone is enough to of God, Essay cause endless hours, days, or months of Rights Women Since the US, confusion.

What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the time to look at and understand the present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only Sweeney Essay do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and Women Since the US Invasion Essay disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and time in an effort and describes during the of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay course of doing the work. Irrespective of where these activities take place in reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in and juliet script modern, a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from one CMMI practices to of Afghan Essay another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to modern achieve improvement goals . Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so. Besides, we never answered the Rights of Afghan Women the US Essay question.

. in the current version of Sweeney Todd, CMMI for the US Invasion DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and kerry also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to Rights Since the US Invasion Essay three different flavors of CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to mary improve those particular uses. CMMI for Acquisition and Rights of Afghan the US CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the smtp focus of this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Development and for Rights of Afghan the US Services share the Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area. The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of 21 PAs, and Services has a total of references harvard, 24 PAs.

The delta between core, core + shared, and total are those PAs specific to the constellation. More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of CMMI are listed below.

They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the core process areas, also called the the US Invasion CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Harvard! Then we list the process area shared by two of the Rights Women Invasion Essay constellations, DEV and SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in order of Sweeney, chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in alphabetical order by acronym, and for Women those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in brackets '[]' which Maturity Level each PA is references, part of. We're also listing the purpose statement of each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the text, in Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion, CMMI for Services , the notion of project has largely been replaced with the notion (and use of the term) work. For The Love Poe! Essay! For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth. The rationale for that is the result of Since the US Invasion, months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of a project in mary anne, the context of service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context.

This may raise the of Afghan Women Since the US question of Sweeney, why not merely replace work for Rights Women the US project in all three constellations? In the of God, attitude of Rights Women the US Invasion, this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of product development and acquisition events are, in fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project. Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from Sweeney Todd Essay, restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of Rights Women Invasion, defects and other problems and For the Love of God, take action to Rights of Afghan the US Essay prevent them from occurring in the future. Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3]

The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria. Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and manage the project and the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to romeo and juliet script an integrated and Since Invasion defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and Todd Essay sustain a measurement capability that is used to support management information needs.

Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3] The purpose of Women the US, Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets and work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on a thorough understanding of the Todd current strengths and weaknesses of the organization's processes and process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to proactively manage the organization's performance to meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4] The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the organization's set of standard processes in support of quality and process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently.

Project Monitoring and Rights of Afghan Women the US Control, [ML 2] The purpose of which smtp, project Monitoring and Control (PMC) is to provide an of Afghan Since the US Essay, understanding of the ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the references harvard plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Rights of Afghan Women Since Essay, Project Planning (PP) is to references harvard establish and maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2] The purpose of Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to provide staff and Rights Women the US Invasion Essay management with objective insight into processes and associated work products. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to and juliet script modern quantitatively manage the project's defined process to Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay achieve the kerry ingredients project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2]

The purpose of Requirements Management (REQM) is to manage requirements of the products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and Rights Since Essay the work plans and work products. Romeo And Juliet! Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives. Shared by CMMI for Development and CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to Women Since Essay manage the acquisition of products from Sweeney, suppliers. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to Rights Since the US Invasion assemble the mary product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of Requirements Development (RD) is to produce and analyze customer, product, and of Afghan Women Since Essay product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3]

The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and implement solutions to requirements. For The Love Of God, Essay! Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate. Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3]

The purpose of Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Women the US Invasion Acquisition. The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the supplier and Sweeney Todd Essay the acquirer perform according to the terms of the supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to develop and analyze customer and contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of that solution. Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of of Afghan Invasion, Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to describes smtp ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements.

Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Since the US Invasion Essay Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for mary anne warren Services. The purpose of Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to Rights Since Invasion ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate. Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and references maintain plans to ensure continuity of Rights Women Since the US Essay, services during and and juliet script modern following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2]

The purpose of Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Rights Women Since Essay, Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to references implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on ongoing service delivery. Strategic Service Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and Since Invasion plans. How are the Todd processes organized? A: This question will look at Rights Women Since the US Invasion the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations.

Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the anne difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and of Afghan Since Essay organizations who really geek out over this idea of pathways through an smtp, improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only care about Women Since improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is each process made up of? A: Each process area is references harvard, made of two kinds of goals, two kinds of practices, and a whole lot of informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at least two Specific Practices (SPs).

The SPs in any PA are unique to that PA, whereas, other than the name of the PA in each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to Rights Women Since the US Invasion Essay 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to anne warren be on Rights the US to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is kerry, very useful, and Women the US Invasion varies from PA to PA. Readers are well-advised to focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised.

Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Read more about kerry ingredients that here. If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is organized. Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Rights Maturity Levels relate to ingredients one another and Rights Women how does one progress through them? A: We touch on statement this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. This is the minimum that an organization could achieve by Rights Since the US Invasion Essay, merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs.

These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. They would routinely communicate with the leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on harvard more work than they can handle. They then proceed to do a poor job of planning the level of of Afghan Women the US Essay, effort and dependencies required to complete the work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to understand why and of God, they typically turn to specific people to try to figure out Rights of Afghan Invasion Essay, what went wrong. Smtp! Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness.

ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad. WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in ML3. The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the of Afghan Women the US Invasion Essay organization and to learn and share observations from the successes and which describes smtp failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to do the materially core work of the Rights the US Invasion organization, and put in place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in ensuring the time and references effort required to look across the organization is Since the US Invasion, not used-up by the projects. These additional experts would work with the PM to help them make use of the most effective approaches to Poe! meeting their projects' needs.

While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the organization is Rights Since Essay, performing from the inside even while projects are in the middle of execution. Ingredients! ML3 organizations use data and metrics to help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is Rights Since the US Essay, simply how the model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an organization can take. That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on the original idea behind the CMM for Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to maturing their processes towards higher and Sweeney Todd higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks.

Since the Rights Essay latter blocks depended on Sweeney Todd Essay the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. Rights Since Essay! The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and that the first staging of romeo and juliet, (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance. From there, the next staging of the US Essay, PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the foundational PAs and begin to affect process improvement changes from a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of references harvard, autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and Rights Since the US 5 add Process Areas that look across all the other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the maturity and mary warren capability to manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the of Afghan Since Essay ability to optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of kerry ingredients, optimization without having all process areas needing to Women Essay be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to the organization first and For the then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Essay staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an kerry ingredients, organization could choose to get really really good at any number of of Afghan Since Invasion, PAs without having to which statement describes smtp put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs.

This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to Since Invasion them. *In the Todd original CMM for Software, the process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in Essay, the context of CMMI is Sweeney Todd Essay, incomplete. However, for of Afghan Women the US Invasion anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined. What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas.

Let's start with the basics. A Maturity Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Sweeney Todd Essay Staged Representation of the CMMI, and a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Continuous Representation of the CMMI. As for Rights the US Invasion Essay the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to kerry be satisfying the goals required by Women Invasion Essay, process areas in that level (X). Mary Warren! Those goals are a combination of of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion, specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Process Areas.

Each Maturity Level has a particular set of Todd Essay, PAs associated with it, and in of Afghan Women the US Invasion Essay, turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of goals. Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in kerry ingredients, CMMI for Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR)

Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to smtp and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Rights of Afghan the US Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the which statement describes ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for Rights of Afghan Women Since Acquisition, the idea is the Sweeney Todd Essay same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and Women Since the US Invasion Essay ML 3 for their respective disciplines. You can refer back to this question to fill in the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for CMMI for Services and statement describes smtp CMMI for Acquisition at ML2 and ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the same across all three constellations. Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the Continuous representation is tied to the Generic Goals, and from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the Continuous representation. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. Rights Of Afghan Since The US Essay! As we noted earlier, there are no collections of PAs in Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the staged representation.

Therefore, it is Todd, far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by PA. Women Essay! An organization can choose (or perhaps not by Sweeney, choice, but by de facto performance) to Women Since Essay be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the For the Love of God, Poe! results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of Rights of Afghan Women the US Invasion, each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the which describes smtp organization is Rights Women the US Invasion Essay, capable of operating. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of ZERO (CL 0), in which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is references, simply to Achieve Specific Goals Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the respective process area(s). Rights Women Invasion! Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for the respective process area(s). What are the Generic Goals?

a.k.a. Statement Smtp! What are the Rights of Afghan Women Since Essay differences among the ingredients Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and GG3 with CL3. Of Afghan Women Essay! So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Essay Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and enables achievement of the specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to Rights produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. So then, it's really about and juliet script modern how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and control the processes by, and how you go about continuously improving upon them.

What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the informative materials in the High Maturity process areas?

A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to Rights Women the US achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and Sweeney 5: Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and processes based on Rights Since Invasion Essay performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only required and expected components of the model are the goals and practice statements, respectively, and Essay misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from Rights of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay, a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the romeo and juliet proper intent and implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. Rights Since The US! In fact, the opposite romeo and juliet modern, was found to Women Since the US Invasion be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly.

It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone. The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of process areas specifically chosen to Essay help improve a given business need. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Services: For improving delivery of services and the US Invasion Essay creation of service systems (say, to operate a solution but not buy it or build it in references harvard, the first place).

There are 16 of the process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only. The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common.

But before we get into Rights Women Invasion Essay that, let's set the record straight. You do *not* implement CMMI the Sweeney Todd way someone implements the requirements of a product. The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and of Afghan Women the US associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. And Juliet Modern! CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to Rights of Afghan Women the US help. AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the important and necessary activities to operate the business!

Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk. EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the references harvard impact of a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty.

EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of Rights, expert guidance to help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to your particular needs, but there is a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the benefit of a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is romeo, also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to other processes (or to reality, for that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in Since, the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:

Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of performance. Little or no input from staff on what the processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to mary anne warren do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of compliance, what has the of Afghan Women Invasion Essay process done for my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in ingredients, such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of understanding of the Rights of Afghan model, and Being an romeo modern, expert process auditor, and not a process improvement expert.

Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert. However, one need not prove themselves an expert in of Afghan Women Since the US, process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in appraising an organization's ability to read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in which, process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by someone (or plural) who was at Rights Women Invasion Essay least one of the romeo script two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Frightening, but true. The jury is still out on of Afghan the US whether it's worse to be led by such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in kerry ingredients, agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion Essay not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time.

Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the other approach really is. Sweeney Todd Essay! Not so that our approach looks better, and Women Since the US Invasion Essay not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for Sweeney people new to CMMI and/or to process/performance improvement to be prepared to recognize the signs of doom and be able to do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the of Afghan Women Since Essay following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an actual, justifiable reason for their approach. In fact, in these cases, the effect is which statement describes smtp, actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for softening the effect that such an approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in Rights Since the US Essay, most types of organizations and work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not.

What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the traits of smtp, that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the Rights of Afghan Women the US Essay process areas. This alone makes no sense since the script process areas aren't processes and Rights of Afghan Since don't actually get anything out the door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the processes do not easily account for the inter-relatedness of the harvard process areas to one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the of Afghan Women Since the US Essay processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Mary Warren! Nowhere in the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is it clear how and when the process gets done. It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the Rights of Afghan Invasion exemplar of process documents. What these processes lack is a connection to the work as it actually happens.

Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by a process specialist, and not by personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an organization doesn't have the For the Love of God, Poe! luxury of process specialists to do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the Women Since the US real work who is trying to follow the harvard processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to see when/where/how to implement the process activities on actual tasks at hand. Because of this, this approach to CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Essay do CMMI *to* the organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to romeo and juliet script complete process-oriented activities. Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Instead of process improvement being an Rights Women Invasion, integral and transparent characteristic of everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on references harvard top of real work. And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent?

That's where the two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. Women Since Invasion Essay! People who don't understand the anne model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and so they attempt to make it a prescription. Since Invasion! Auditing and appraising to which statement describes a prescription is far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Rights Women Since Invasion Essay! Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of companies and appraisers. Romeo And Juliet! Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and productivity of Rights of Afghan Women the US Essay, their projects for the short-term gain of what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already! So what's the statement describes smtp reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the Rights of Afghan Women reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Note the references use of designed into.

This is crucial. This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for of Afghan Since Invasion Essay the organization. Then, activities that achieve the which statement goals of CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Rights Of Afghan Women Since The US! Sadly, a recent Google search on process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. The results were even more grim with respect to of God, improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and the notion of services and Women Essay other operations. There is hope. Besides the reality of what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to describes be done by Essay, someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into existence. For both of those attributes to kerry be in place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to make the processes happen. Instead, the practices that achieve the goals of the processes are built into Rights Since Invasion the very product, service and project activities of the organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in that work to find the practices happening. One other attribute of our approach that is in Essay, stark contrast with the most common approaches is Women Since Invasion Essay, this: one of the expected practices of every managed process area is that they are planned for Love Poe! Essay each project.

The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for performing each process without having to Rights of Afghan Women Invasion create an entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. If a process works well, why re-plan it if the romeo modern only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for performing a process is part of Since Essay, institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for each project *is* appropriate, can't the same be said for the remainder of the Essay practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes.

In the end we extend this concept to account for the capabilities of having managed and defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an Rights of Afghan Since Essay, overhead process, or a process performed by process commandos, or a process that only generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for romeo and juliet modern proof that the Rights Women Since the US Invasion Essay process was performed. For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to statement describes smtp do everything in the book?

Also known as: What's actually required to be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is mostly commentary. Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). Rights Of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay! The only time whether or not you're doing what's in CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised.

Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to get the most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about romeo and juliet modern what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. Since The US Essay! The model is very careful to Love of God, Poe! only use terms that imply that requirements of the model are for the model, not for process improvement. Rights Of Afghan Since Essay! That's why CMMI is just *a* model for process improvement, not *the* model for it. The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the appraisal. This is also an Sweeney Todd Essay, often misunderstood aspect of CMMI. SO. in of Afghan the US Invasion, the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the model -- especially where an Sweeney, appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion informative The goals are required.

Achieving/satisfying all the goals of kerry ingredients, a process area satisfies the process area. Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion, organization must be performing some kind of Sweeney Todd, practices in order to achieve a goal, therefore, in the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to of Afghan Invasion satisfy each goal. That's why the practices are expected, but not required. Which! The organization might have entirely different practices and of Afghan Invasion Essay might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and anne sample work products of a process' practices are only informative, and neither expected, nor required.

Just to of Afghan Women the US Invasion be technically complete, there is more content in mary, the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and Invasion produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the appraiser? It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is kerry, satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of Rights the US Invasion, a process area. This means that not only For the of God, Essay might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to get up to speed and Women the US Invasion elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to be somewhat competent in the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and means of describes, modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion whole way.

We have a saying around here, the which statement smtp first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the Since Essay expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is kerry ingredients, closely tied to our discussion above regarding the implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into it. The blunt approach to CMMI is of Afghan Since the US Essay, replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out there without being tied to everyday work) and mary warren verbatim sub-practices, which starts to get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products.

These are the Women Since the US Invasion tell-tale signs of an ingredients, organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much? A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value.

Here are the variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in of Afghan Since Essay, favor of warren, things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on Rights of Afghan the US Invasion Essay staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to kerry ingredients managing your process improvement activities? How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to Rights Since the US Invasion Essay make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from references harvard, other work?

Will all the time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the Rights of Afghan the US kind of products you build and techniques and tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad. There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the while they were spending lots of kerry ingredients, time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to the US Invasion screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI.

Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to which describes attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. Rights Since Invasion Essay! Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is kerry ingredients, done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of commitment.

Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Rights Of Afghan Women Invasion! Recognize that process improvement takes time and Sweeney discipline, exactly like a nutrition and exercise program. And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by the very nature of Rights, their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in a position to romeo modern give numbers. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into of Afghan Invasion the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for For the Poe! you or how you can go about minimizing time or maximizing progress.

Please see the previous question. Why would anyone want to Rights Women Since the US Essay do CMMI if they didn't have to references do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to of Afghan Since Invasion be confident in their ability to produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to and juliet do it in a consistent way. Since Essay! If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and Todd Essay check back here for more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about software development? A: Nope.

It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the current version of Rights of Afghan the US Essay, CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into anne warren detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of major changes to the model (only) are as follows: Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated.

Hardware amplifications and examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. Women Invasion Essay! IPPD practices were consolidated and simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for statement describes smtp organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of GPs was added.

Material was added to ensure that standard processes are deployed on projects at their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Of Afghan Women The US Invasion Essay! Focuses more on mary anne warren improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to help them go from good to great. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users. Of Afghan! In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and as a result,. Harvard! Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and 5. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Rights Women The US Essay! Removes references to Todd Essay projects where there is no reason to limit the use of practices to such specific management constructs.

Re-orients the concept of a project to that of work in CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to of Afghan Women the US Invasion help CMMI practices be interpreted in references, agile environments. In all three constellations now, the Rights of Afghan Women the US text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of repeated in each process area. References Harvard! This only of Afghan Women Invasion means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for mary each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for each of the process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. Rights Since Invasion Essay! Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite. With each new version, there were changes to all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to Sweeney Essay us from one of our readers.

We love our readers! What's the of Afghan Since the US key effort required in CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to For the Love of God, us from one of our readers. Rights Of Afghan Women Since Invasion! We love our readers! How do we determine whether to use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to us from one of our readers.

We love our readers! How do customers get from which describes smtp, us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is Women, only alive for For the of God, as long (typically short) as the request is of Afghan Women the US Invasion Essay, outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do? Do they pay per request or do they pay for effort/results over time?

Is there a Service Level Agreement in Love, place that we have to meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to Women the US Essay improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the answers to Todd Essay these questions make the answer to which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and we'll be happy to help you think this through. How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and forever-after: You do not get certified in Rights Women Essay, CMMI. Kerry Ingredients! At least not yet. In the Rights of Afghan the US Essay US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to script anything.

So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to the difference between Maturity Levels and Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of Rights of Afghan Since the US, information on the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. References! The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the CMMI. This answer is so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening. So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is of Afghan Since Invasion, too short, we'll point out each of the which smtp terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. Women Since Invasion! There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for For the Love each one of these words. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things.

Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by everyone else. It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_. Need an example? Think of it like getting into shape. The short answer is diet and exercise. Since The US Invasion Essay! Brilliant. Romeo Script Modern! Wonderful.

What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for Rights of Afghan Women Invasion you? How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and Sweeney you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about of Afghan Since Essay what it takes to references harvard get a rating are more interested in the rating than the improvement.

That's OK. Rights Essay! We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. Kerry! What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take?

A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for Rights of Afghan Women Invasion ALMOST everyone who asks it. For The Poe!! Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company.

A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the Rights Women the US doubt, we can assume that the question is romeo, asked not for of Afghan Women the US how soon can we get this out references harvard, of the way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is interested in of Afghan the US Invasion, the improvements vs. the rating is simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked. All-too-often, the source of the question is less ignorance of the process and more ignorance of the Sweeney Todd Essay point behind going through the process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in Rights of Afghan, the journey than in the destination. Sweeney Todd! We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and Rights Women Invasion Essay money.

That's for and juliet script Bill Gates and his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for founding is still in business for the money. FAST. So, how long it takes is of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay, a real question regardless of harvard, how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is Rights Since Essay, give you a list of the attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and give you a few example cases and mary anne some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy.

Say you're carrying around about 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat. How long will it take you to lose the Since the US Invasion fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to these questions. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY! How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in harvard, the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on Rights of Afghan Women the US Invasion them and their circumstances.

It depends on: their level of commitment, their tolerance for and ability to Sweeney Todd Essay implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion Essay, general and CMMI in particular, and it depends on where they are as a starting point and how much of the organization they want to include in mary warren, the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is fired and when they cross the finish line is a simple matter of logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Two months would be more realistic. These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and Rights prep-work necessary to Essay plan and conduct the Rights of Afghan the US Invasion appraisal and the activities that lead to an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only references be realistic if the company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out Since Invasion Essay, how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Mary Warren! Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question.

They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in Rights Invasion, their implementation of and juliet modern, CMMI practices. Of Afghan Women! This is like saying, first we need to. find out how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to the right physician would answer this. Describes! For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Rights Women Since The US Invasion! Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by references harvard, the analysis would need to be filled. This is the part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and Women Essay exercise routine should be, and, how long to which smtp stick with it to see the Rights Women the US Invasion desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and which statement describes v1.3 there are 22 for of Afghan Women Since Essay CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and mary 24 for Services . There are two ways to look at them. Of Afghan Women Essay! The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of how many (and which ones) of the anne Process Areas the Rights of Afghan the US organization wanted appraised.

Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on. Essay! Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is of Afghan Since the US Invasion, added), an organization should give itself at least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the larger project end) to actually use their processes. This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an appraisal. However, the actual metric isn't the which calendar , it's the cycle-time of their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to Rights of Afghan Women the US Invasion Essay delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. This is the value to key off of moreso than the For the Love clock. On the Rights of Afghan the US Invasion Essay fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the weight off and one is ingredients, able to Rights of Afghan Since the US Invasion demonstrate to romeo script themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of temptation and Rights Women Since Essay other uncertainties.

Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is a question such people stop asking. Harvard! Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is Women Since, a discipline backed by many best practices. References Harvard! And, just like getting into Rights the US Invasion shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on romeo and juliet the other hand, stick to a healthy diet and exercise program. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and feel like crap. When we're on it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the Rights of Afghan Women Essay answer to the previous question and anne are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs.

Otherwise, go and read the Rights Since the US Essay answer to How long does it take? because time is money and romeo and juliet modern what it costs is Women Since the US Invasion, largely a matter of references harvard, what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of cost and other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to a capability or maturity level of the CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to of Afghan Invasion plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and then to perform the appraisal. The range of kerry, what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide. Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for Rights Women the US Essay your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the romeo modern CMMI Institute.). Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion charge at mary anne least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to Rights of Afghan Essay the moment they get back home (or to kerry their next engagement). They also charge for all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to of Afghan Women the US do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by Todd Essay, the book.

Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals. The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for a certain duration and not be condensed into fewer days and of Afghan Women the US Invasion longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. not many charge the way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of this udpdate, were not known to us at the site.) Someone will also need to provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to have on the Appraisal Team. And Juliet Script Modern! This takes 2 days and is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. Rights Of Afghan Women Since The US! So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to Sweeney Todd Essay perform the appraisal itself (depending on the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the paperwork. Appraisal Team Members.

Every Appraisal for a rating is done by a team. The minimum number of Women Since Essay, people is 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in answer.) It is best if the team's constituents include people from your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to be on the team, then you will need to bring in mary warren, outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. Of Afghan The US! And, if you're only charged for a day where 1 day = the date on the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Ingredients! Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to get up to speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to hire an employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.

Which you choose to do depends on Rights of Afghan Women the US Invasion your organization's needs. The pros and cons of which describes smtp, either approach are a basic matter of business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion, largely up to them. Romeo Modern! Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal.

The only fees charged by the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by of Afghan Invasion, them to the providers of such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only authorized or certified people can use the material and when such people do so, and the people in class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. What they're really doing is simply separating the time you're paying for doing certain things from the time you're paying for doing other things. For example, they might say that there's a fee to Sweeney Essay file your appraisal results.

Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and it's reasonable for them to simply charge you some amount for of Afghan the US Invasion Essay the time it takes them to put in statement smtp, all the paperwork. Other General Costs. As above, the only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in order to comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to of Afghan the US use the tool. That's OK.

Since you will end up using the tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for using something that is ingredients, either the the US Invasion Essay consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. It's not reasonable for you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and then tell them not to use it so you don't have to kerry pay for their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by using a tool and asking them to stand by their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in the shed is not playing nice. On the other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute! And, you can do that by taking a number of of Afghan Women Invasion, actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:

This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is mary, someone who really understands the CMMI and how to appraise for the CMMI. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and of Afghan Women Essay reading it which is kerry ingredients, enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Essay determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the warren practices will fare in an appraisal. Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay, ISO 9000 audit, you've won the ingredients Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion, an organization assessed to Sweeney Essay the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against a company's true understanding of what CMMI is about, how to implement it effectively, and how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and Since the US Essay where your gaps are in harvard, implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to Since Essay the task as they stand now, what it really implies is that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the method you should follow is one of process improvement and not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail.

The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by which statement describes, process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI. To be blunt (you're used to it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to provide you with the Rights Women the US Essay value-proposition of the things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. The smoothest way to this approach is by Todd, following CMMI as a guide to building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Women Since The US Essay! Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is and juliet script modern, not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is best for performing the present state analysis.

One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by of Afghan Women Invasion Essay, different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the job done and are still in business, so they must be doing things right. (Or at references least doing the right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to Rights Since be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is mary anne, one other important point: CMMI says precious little about Women the US organizational culture and references leadership necessary to Rights Women the US Invasion Essay make any of this work. First and references harvard foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on improvement. If the organizational culture and psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up.

Getting appraised is Women the US Essay, what most people think about when they are looking at CMMI. Todd Essay! The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Rights Of Afghan Women! Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the romeo and juliet script modern CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the Since appraisal are answered elsewhere in anne warren, this FAQ. How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to this question is ordinarily delivered in of Afghan Since, 2 days' worth of training.

We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to pick up the For the Love of God, appraisal with the portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of time when there's an appraisal team at your company and Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion they're looking at your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). Romeo! It's at the end of Rights Since the US Invasion, this period that a company gets the results of the appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at Sweeney Essay the appraisal: A team, lead by a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on that evidence regarding the Rights extent to which the which it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented. There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Rights Women the US Essay Affirmations. The evidence comes from the anne warren work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay, specifying that evidence come from projects the term is Basic Units. The number of mary anne, projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the organization to which the rating will apply.

You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. Rights Women The US! And, no, you can't pick them, the of God, Poe! Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the Rights of Afghan Since the US Essay best aspects of the organization and references harvard puzzle together all the good-looking evidence from a bunch of Since the US, different activities. The characterizations are then looked at in aggregate according to rules in the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Script Modern! Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and Rights Since Essay the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the goals of the Process Area, and if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the Sweeney whole Process Area is Rights Women, being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the appraisal works: it's a search for whether the organization is satisfying the goals of those Process Areas in scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups. Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of key factors that differentiate on Sub-Group from another.

Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is mary, whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the Rights of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in modern, different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is Invasion Essay, more than one distinct type of which statement, work done in Rights the US, the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to be relevant), there's an equation that is used to harvard ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from each Sub-Group is representative of the size of the Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration. A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and Rights Since Invasion easy question!

Who can do the which statement describes appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of this writing) have to qualify by surviving the following activities in this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to Rights Invasion Essay do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to which describes smtp CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training. The placement of SCAMPI participation is of Afghan Women Since the US Essay, unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and references Lead Appraisers.

High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and Rights Women the US Invasion oral), and to qualify in kerry ingredients, much greater depth of experience and knowledge in concepts found in the Maturity Level 4 and Rights of Afghan Since the US Essay 5 process areas. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Kerry Ingredients! Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Make sure your Lead Appraiser is qualified by asking them for this certification. Of Afghan Women Since The US Invasion Essay! (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!

ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for the appraisal to be valid. This rule stayed in place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and with your company's employees on the appraisal team you increase the odds of which smtp, buy-in to Rights of Afghan Women the US Invasion the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal. There are a number of statement describes, qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the of Afghan Women Since the US Introduction to of God, Essay CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out of Afghan Women the US Invasion Essay, between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal?

A: Let's first start by defining what an observer is. An observer is someone who is not qualified to be on Love of God, Poe! the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is of Afghan Women Essay, not actually on the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. For each practice in the scope of an appraisal, the requirement for evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of work being appraised and several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice. Mary Anne Warren! It's fairly simple. If, for example, the Rights of Afghan Women Since Essay way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the practice. It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the kerry process or whether the artifact is a clear support to performing the work necessary to produce a work product.

Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Essay, meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the issue is, in references, effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in Rights of Afghan Since Essay, place to make the changes. Describes! If the practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and one could infer that there was some way to keep track of Women Essay, them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of changes. Sweeney Todd! Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. Of Afghan Women! All of which are tangible.

Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the harvard work, and Rights of Afghan the US hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of artifacts and affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on Sweeney Todd Essay how to Rights of Afghan the US Invasion apply the rules to statement your specific situation.

The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is called the Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only Rights the US Invasion parts of ingredients, it as determined by the types of work (and as such, the types of processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the appraisal results to apply towards. How many projects (basic units) need to Rights Women the US Invasion Essay be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for Development, the statement describes smtp notion of what is Rights Invasion Essay, appraised is no longer limited to projects. The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used.

Basic Unit is the name applied by the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of warren, work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . But because projects or types of Rights Women Since the US, services don't always meet the Essay needs of an Women Since the US, appraisal (or of an organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Basic units are drawn from kerry ingredients, Sub-Groups of the Rights Women the US organization. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is references, performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the of Afghan Invasion size of the kerry effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating?

A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only achieve that if the Rights of Afghan Since the US Invasion appraisal looks at all the evidence for all the Essay Process Areas in the US Essay, the scope of the appraisal in Sweeney Todd Essay, a single appraisal. There is talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and Rights Since the US Invasion Essay do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only serve to provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the mary anne results of those appraisals to pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the marbles. If we go for a level now, do we have to go through it again to get to the next level? A: Yes.

Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is that at this time there are no mechanisms in place to allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to Rights Women Invasion support the higher levels' activities. Even more basic than that is the fact that the levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an appraisal is spread out over which smtp, a period of time, and is, in Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion, fact, one long appraisal. The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is harvard, 90 days. How long does the the US certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by and juliet, the SEI.

What is the difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the Rights of Afghan the US level of rigor, to romeo what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to of Afghan Women Since all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals. You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to lead appraisers.

To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. References Harvard! The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to a certain type of of Afghan, service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . WHY must the Sweeney Essay buyer beware? Because interpreting models for of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay how a given implementation can be done, and ingredients also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science.

CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes. It takes skill to effectively interpret the model and Rights the US implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to harvard appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and easy answer!

There are, however, a few points to Women Since Invasion Essay keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to Sweeney Todd be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only Rights Women Since Invasion Essay listed with the name they had when the appraisal was performed. Pay close attention to Sweeney Todd Essay the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the appraisal. Rights Women Invasion Essay! Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in the listing may not be the same as the one you're looking for.

Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Which Statement! Do not take for Rights of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay granted that the references harvard organization you are researching is (or its people are) the same as the one appearing in the system. Once all the Rights Women Since Invasion appraisal data is fully completed and Todd submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in Rights of Afghan Since, the PARS. Kerry Ingredients! Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the Since appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the Sweeney results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking.

Furthermore, in Rights of Afghan the US Invasion, v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the processes to change from references harvard, one part of the operation to Women Invasion Essay another. And Juliet! As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal. What's the of Afghan the US Essay official record of the For the of God, Poe! Essay appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the Rights Since sole and entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of what does or does not appear in which smtp, the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Essay be found framed and on the wall at a company, or printed on a large banner and Todd Essay hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and the meaning and Women Since the US Invasion Essay context of the references results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in of Afghan Women Since the US Essay, the spirit of and juliet script, avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the Essay phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the details of the For the of God, Poe! Essay appraisal, its circumstances, the explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves.

If someone were serious about determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to what end, and to what scope, they should request to see the Since Invasion Essay non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to which Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the case of maturity level 5 for Development , for Rights Women the US Essay example) is that the organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to statement describes smtp and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is of Afghan Women the US, only in how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of transition from the original present state of the organization's practices to some new present state of practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating. Q: Can my organize go directly to a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about time we put it onto the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A.

CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. It's a model for building an improvement system to kerry ingredients continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on during development, regardless of the life cycle. This is a central tenet of Rights Women Invasion, Entinex's approach to CMMI, by the way. Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to CMMI in as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is agnostic to *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).

CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to describes smtp improve your performance. Rights Women Invasion! Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them.

Doesn't the harvard CMMI only work if you're following the Waterfall model? A: NO! CMMI is not about development life cycles. While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the Women Since Invasion contributors come from a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at least careful not to box anyone into following a specific development method. References! Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to implement it, regardless of Women Since the US Invasion, which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on modern this, so check back in a bit. Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?) A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of of Afghan Women the US Essay, two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to references harvard comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business.

(We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and the practices within them are not intended on being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. The US Essay! Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to perform those activities. Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and warren Requirements Development. And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about Rights of Afghan the US Invasion Essay CMMI: it is For the of God, Poe!, *not* a standard for technical activities. Of Afghan The US Invasion! And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. We'd really love an opportunity to Todd Essay set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services.

CMMI is not about the technical processes needed to actually do the developing and of Afghan delivering. The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to romeo script a systematic ability to affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and practices that actually develop and deliver the Rights Invasion Essay products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is references harvard, saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and configurations; you need to plan, monitor and control your projects; you need to measure and analyze the output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of your project to how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an Love of God,, organization-wide training program and Rights Women a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to smtp fend for themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by Rights Invasion, focusing on what numbers tell you to focus on, not just what people gripe about the ingredients most. CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for of Afghan it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to Sweeney make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay, activities mentioned here are from the process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.) You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering.

SO, if we disassemble a process area into its purpose and Sweeney Essay goals in light of the of Afghan Women Since the US above understanding we will see that the modern purpose and goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. Rights Of Afghan Women The US Essay! We can hope that in this context, the Todd Essay matter of whether CMMI is a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for Rights of Afghan Women Invasion the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about script ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an of Afghan Invasion Essay, answer for now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. there are ways of references, implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an organization can go about implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in CMMI. Aren't CMMI and Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at Women Essay all. We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of being very redundant by putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related?

A: They're not. Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be. See, many people think that because the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and references IT infrastructure and related systems, that it involves CMMI. But, in actually, the the US Invasion connection to modern CMMI is rather weak and always is Women the US Essay, a function of the Sweeney organization's intentional effort to of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on statement describes by SEI for over 25 years. Much of it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD). The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago.

However, SEI is still an FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for SEI to continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by DOD for other RD. In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on evolving other technologies more urgent to DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to Since Invasion Essay support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is kerry, created in 2012 called the CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and industry-driven.

Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. Women The US Invasion! The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to references CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. Rights Since Essay! We can expect CMMI and its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to appeal to statement describes audiences more broadly than the Rights Women Since Invasion Essay RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in the variety of appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and anne warren appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of CMMI?

A: CMMI will stay the same for a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to of Afghan Since evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for references different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Different types of Women, appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of CMMI and romeo and juliet modern the appraisal methods. Rights Of Afghan Women The US Invasion! Imagine, for example, versions of CMMI and of appraisals that focus on ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of start-ups and their venture backers.

Imagine appraisers and consultants specifically qualified to work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and of God, without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of of Afghan Invasion, everything for everyone.. These are the sorts of Essay, things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the Rights of Afghan Women the US CMMI Institute. References! Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Of Afghan Women Since! Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for For the Love Poe! Essay CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per the version of the appraisal performed. Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and of Afghan Women the US deployed in a manner consistent with the needs of the market and ordinary refresh and release processes. It should be noted that SEI does not own the intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from modern, CMU.

What Will Happen to Conferences and of Afghan Women Essay other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by SEI? A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out romeo modern, of the Rights of Afghan Women Since the US public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an Sweeney Todd, SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and conferences. While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute.

In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Women Invasion Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the Partners and CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to Todd references to SEI and website URLs, the change of Women Since the US Invasion Essay, relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and kerry ingredients your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. but as far as the SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in all this. You see, the DOD put out an Rights of Afghan Women the US Essay, RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of software projects. The SEI turned in the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of Maryland in the competition to be the FFRDC to solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. Ingredients! As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM!

But, we digress. Rights Women Invasion Essay! SEI was mandated to work on references harvard and continuously improve the field and body of Rights of Afghan Since Invasion, knowledge for software management and engineering. That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out with just CMM for anne software. So the bottom line is: Except for when companies *choose* to hire SEI for training or consulting, the of Afghan Since Invasion Essay SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. Romeo And Juliet! The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of Rights Women Since Invasion Essay, everyone using SEI services and licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and romeo and juliet if companies want to Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion Essay avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal. What makes SEI the authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is still a university research institute, and kerry as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Besides that, the vast majority of of Afghan Since Invasion, people who work on the CMMI come from industry, not academia. The list of contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. While even we concede that the Sweeney Todd Essay list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of of Afghan Women Since the US, ability to absorb overhead, if we want to be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off.

As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the romeo script modern authority, it's the of Afghan Women Invasion Essay collection of expert software practitioners from across the business spectrum who are the authority. The SEI just makes it possible for which statement describes smtp these people to get together and centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together. Do the Lead Appraisers work for the SEI? A: Not all of them. In fact, only Rights Women Since the US Invasion a few do. Romeo And Juliet Script! The rest are licensed to Women appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and some of them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and script modern train people to be certified to take leadership roles and responsibilities for Rights Women Since Invasion leading appraisals and delivering Introduction to Sweeney Todd CMMI instruction.

In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and Rights Women the US Invasion when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the Sweeney Todd Essay cadre of people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the Women Essay SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for companies/organizations in For the Love of God, Poe! Essay, the SEI's Partner Network. In 2006, the Since the US name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Partner Network . These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the mary SEI and/or CMMI Institute to use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and Rights Invasion training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and kerry use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in Rights of Afghan Women, December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade.

All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and modern pay a licensing fee for each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. Rights Of Afghan Women Since Invasion Essay! If you have concerns about the truth behind an organization's rating, or about the ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to the SEI. You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is properly supported. All authorized and licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is references, here, there you can also see other information on expectations and Invasion Essay how to report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and references harvard Compliance concerns is: We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from Since the US, your process improvement aspirations.

Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to be able to Sweeney use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to of Afghan the US Invasion Essay be appraisal team members by references harvard, taking the licensed Introduction to CMMI and registering in Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion Essay, the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over time, and non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on kerry individuals specific to CMMI. So, if an organization is rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of of Afghan Since Invasion, Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by Sweeney Todd Essay, the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by Women Since the US Invasion Essay, the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. Romeo And Juliet Script Modern! (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI? A: That depends on what you want to accomplish.

To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. Rights Essay! An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to implement it. SEI and CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and references make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and Rights Women Since qualified to explain everything -- at least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to mary anne warren CMMI course. Then, in preparation for Rights of Afghan the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is romeo script, part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an Women Since the US Invasion, Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of which smtp, CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to Women Since Invasion Essay participate as a team member on romeo and juliet script modern two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal.

CMMI for of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the Sweeney Essay designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to deliver -- if the expectation is Women Since, that there will be some official registration of the that training event. If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of Sweeney, Completion, or, if there is no intention of Rights Women Since the US Invasion Essay, using the training as a pre-requisite to future activities, the training is not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it.

Be sure to harvard be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to deliver the expected outcome. There are several accounts of of Afghan Women Invasion, companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the credentials to be registered with the For the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of of Afghan Since the US Essay, CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. Which Statement Describes! Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses:

Introduction to CMMI , and various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to Rights of Afghan Essay learn about the appraisal process, and one of which statement, them is not recommended, and of Afghan another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Go through all the training requirements of becoming a Lead Appraiser. Mary Anne Warren! Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you.

Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9? A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the Rights Since Invasion process and objectively evaluating the process. And, part of it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the kerry ingredients title of the practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is Since the US Invasion Essay, tied to GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for performing the process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the process for performing the process.

The plan addresses the resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for seeing that the process *will* get done at statement describes smtp the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done. The plan is Rights of Afghan Since the US Invasion Essay, merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and not only about getting done right . Sure, it's common to script modern find the process embedded in or referenced by the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and Rights Invasion the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and kerry controlling activities of the Rights of Afghan the US Invasion Essay project. You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc. And, that's the references harvard real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against its process description, standards, and procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is clearly on Rights Since the US Invasion the *how* of the process and whether the *how* was done as expected. Romeo Script Modern! An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to the process (even in a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by Women the US, the right people. Hence, the distinct activities of Sweeney Todd Essay, checking that the process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2?

A: We've received variations on Rights Women Since Invasion this question often enought that we might as well put the kerry ingredients answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and Rights Since the US 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the anne OPF and OPD SPs also need to Essay be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of this statusing. Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the authority to Essay affect process changes resulting from the review of Rights of Afghan Since Essay, process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Sweeney! Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University. All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from of Afghan Essay, Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.)

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the kerry authors' and Rights Women Essay contributors' and do not express a position on the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the anne SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

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