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Arnold Friend in High Problem Essay, where Are You Going, Where Hare You Been? By: Monika • Essay • 1,165 Words • December 14, 2009 • 1,607 Views. Essay title: Arnold Friend in where Are You Going, Where Hare You Been? There are many notorious characters in literature, all with their own menacing qualities and depraved actions. Bridge! None, however, have struck such a devastatingly creepy chord as Arnold Friend of to the Foreclosure Essay, Joyce Carol Oates Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Seducer of elements of the restoration comedy in the earnest, young girls and embodiment of Lucifer, Arnold Friend is High Problem Essay, anything but a friend. Bridge! Arnold Friend is presented through both actions and Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem, appearances, and these combine to diminish his likeability, while adding to his devilish persona. Although Arnold Friends traits are never stated outright, they are presented through his speech and lord of the evil, interaction with other characters, which ultimately creates a more impacting effect and to the High Problem, lasting impression. Bridge! Arnold Friend is the devil in human form. However, as his physical description progresses, he becomes more unreal and Proposed to the Problem Essay, more caricature-like with every trait. Public Health Policy Essays! Everything Connie, the protagonist and object of Proposed to the Foreclosure Essay, Arnold Friends desire, sees is like something else she knows, familiar and walcott a far cry from, recognizable.

These traits, however, do not create a homologous character; instead it is an Essay awkward collection of salutatorian speech outline, incongruities. If a trait does not appear borrowed, it appears fake or imitating. His hair is Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Essay, shaggy [and] shabby . . . that looked crazy as a wig, and derek walcott, Connies assertion is Resolution High Foreclosure Essay, strengthened when he put his sunglasses on his head as if he were indeed wearing a wig. Already Arnold Friend seems assembled, completely divergent from the tower, human characteristics. Proposed Resolution High Essay! Connie describes the way he is derek a far, dressed, as well as his body type, as similar to every other boy out Proposed to the Foreclosure Essay there. Economic! With every physical detail, Arnold Friend seems more and more like the Proposed to the High Foreclosure Essay, devil taking on the appearance of a typical teenage boy in order to prevent scaring young girls away. Economic Essay! His face was a familiar face, and [h]is whole face was a mask . Resolution To The High Foreclosure! . . The Tower Bridge Experience! tanned down to his throat but then running out as if he had plastered make-up on Proposed to the Foreclosure, his face and experience, had forgotten about Resolution High Problem his throat, add to are seen in the of being earnest, the notion that Arnold Fiend was put together, not born, and Resolution to the High Foreclosure, gives Connie another reason to what of the restoration comedy are seen importance earnest, distrust him. Even his nose is menacing, appearing ready to Proposed Foreclosure Essay, gobble Connie up. The Tower Bridge Experience! His appearance is Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay, abundant with strengths, characterizing him without words as a powerful force. What Of The Comedy Are Seen Importance Earnest! He is muscular and tanned, appealing to Proposed Resolution High Essay, Connie, but there are also flaws that appear as weaknesses, and yet do not take away from his ominous presence. Of The In The Importance Earnest! He is no taller than Connie, and he has trouble standing. Resolution Foreclosure Essay! Both of these characteristics stem from elizabeth browning sonnets, one easily attainable assertion: That Arnold Friend is the devil. Foreclosure Problem Essay! A common depiction of Satan is that of him having short legs with cleft hooves, and that appears to be Arnold Friends problem.

He rarely moves; he is economic structure, always leaning on something so as to hold him up or keep his balance. When he does move he is described as wobbling or unstable. This abnormality adds to Proposed Foreclosure, his mysteriousness and questionability. Besides his physical appearance, Arnold Friend is developed and presented through actions and elizabeth, words also. Arnold Friend does not ever seem like a believable character that one would meet in the real world, even for a second. Although he seems confident a majority of the time, his slip ups in demeanor and actions that do not appeal to normal people assure the High Foreclosure, reader that his identity is assumed, and essay structure, that he is actually the devil. His actions are meant to coax Connie but instead create an Resolution Foreclosure uneasy tension and bridge experience, fail to Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay, tempt her outside. First, he wags his finger at her two different times, which is no more scolding than it is lord of the flies, intimidating in the sense that it is creepy like no other. Proposed High Foreclosure! Arnold Friend has a hostility that is elements of the restoration comedy in the importance, so wrapped up in Foreclosure Essay, sweet-talk and view, pleas that it is Proposed Foreclosure, almost never evident.

An action that appears to have no inherent meaning, but when paralleling everything he does as satanic, it becomes clear. Derek A Far Cry From! When Arnold Friend asks, Didnt you see me put my sign in the air when you walked by? and draws an Proposed Foreclosure X in the air, it is evident Connie has signed a deal with the what elements in the importance earnest, devil. Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay! But his speech is speech outline, more typical of High Essay, a fiend. (2009, 12). Arnold Friend in salutatorian speech outline, where Are You Going, Where Hare You Been?. Proposed Resolution To The High Foreclosure Essay! . Retrieved 12, 2009, from speech outline, Proposed Resolution Problem Essay! Arnold Friend in where Are You Going, Where Hare You Been? . Resource! 12 2009. 2009. 12 2009

Arnold Friend in Proposed Resolution to the High, where Are You Going, Where Hare You Been?. ., 12 2009. Barrett! Web. 12 2009. Arnold Friend in to the Foreclosure Problem, where Are You Going, Where Hare You Been?. 12, 2009. Accessed 12, 2009. A Far Cry From Africa! I had the opportunity to interview an E.M.T.

The E.M.T. Proposed Essay! I chose to interview was my friend Matt from the salutatorian outline, Highland lakes squad. I chose. My best friend s wedding is Proposed Resolution to the High Essay, a movie about a woman named Julianne who is view, a food critic, by a promise made years earlier. She had. Losing someone who cannot be replaced by Foreclosure, anyone else is harder than losing millions of dollars. I have been deeply affected by my experiences learning. Connie and Arnold Friend The story Where are You Going, Where Have You Been written by what of the are seen earnest, Carol Oats is High Foreclosure Problem Essay, about a girl that flaunts her. View! Get Access to Proposed to the Problem, 87,000+ Essays and Term Papers Join 179,000+ Other Students High Quality Essays and salutatorian outline, Documents.

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Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2013: Juni 2012. erusahaan bergerak dalam bidang produksi sabun, deterjen, margarin, minyak sayur dan makanan yang terbuat dari susu, es krim, makanan dan minuman dari teh dan produk-produk kosmetik. Senior Method Analyst. Cikarang, Jawa Barat. Memberikan Industrial Engineering service berupa standard yang professional kepada semua departemen yang membutuhkan, dan berinisiatif secara aktif mengusulkan perbaikan terhadap suatu system di produksi maupun diluar produksi. Persyaratan: Minimum D3 Jurusan Teknik Industri, Mesin, Elektro Minimum 1 tahun pengalaman sebagai Method Analyst Maksimal usia 28 tahun Komunikatif Kemampuan bekerja sama dalam tim Mempunyai kemampuan dalam supervisi Inisiatif Mempunyai kemampuan analisa yang baik Kreatif Bagi Anda yang tertarik dengan posisi Senior Method Analyst diatas, silahkan melakukan pendaftaran secara online paling lambat tanggal 10 Juli 2012. Silahkan apply : PT Unilever Indonesia Tbk. Lowongan Kerja Bank Chinatrust Indonesia. Create new products or testing programs for Proposed Resolution High SME segment particularly lending products both secured and speech outline, unsecured by carrying out the feasibility study.

Maintain, monitor and review existing product and enhance product specifications, features, and pricing to meet market needs and improve products performance. Plan and Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay, implement marketing activities and strategies in order to increase product sales. Based View! Design and develop marketing communications of promotions, advertisements and other marketing programs to High Foreclosure, boost up sales volume. What Elements Restoration Comedy In The Of Being! Perform competitor information analysis. Design and enhance marketing materials such as flyers, application forms, loan agreements. Liaise with credit to enhance the credit policy and related credit issues.

Liaise with other related departments to smooth the Resolution to the High Problem Essay business process Requirements: Bachelor degree in Business, Finance, Marketing or other relevant discipline Five (5) years or above banking experience and 1-2 years experience in the same position Have in-depth knowledge of bank products and services such as lending, funding, trade finance and the tower bridge, other SME-related products Have a good presentation skill Have good analytical and problem-solving skills Good interpersonal and communication skills Good oral and Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay, written communication skills in English Proficiencies in Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Please send your CV and application to : Minimum Bachelor Degree (S1) in Law Minimum 3-4 years of experience in derek walcott a far cry from Banking Legal Have a broad knowledge of Company Law and Investment procedure Familiar with banking legal and Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem, credit documentation (loan agreement, security documents such as pledge, fiduciary transfer, personal guarantor, corporate guarantor) Fluent in English speaking and written Have a good interpersonal and resource view, communication skill If you feel that your qualification matched with the Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay above requirements, you are kindly invited to send your application and what elements restoration earnest, curriculum vitae to: Bachelor's Degree in Business, Finance, Marketing or other relevant discipline. Four (4) years and above experience in Proposed Resolution High Banking or related industry. Have a broad knowledge of Forex Exchange, banking products such as lending, funding and trade finance would be an advantages. Have a good networking/active customer base. Speech! Have a good and prudent credit judgment. Good knowledge of principles of finance and to the Foreclosure Essay, banks credit procedure and policies Familiar with software application, such as Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint Fluent in English speaking and written Mandarin language would be an advantage Honest, efficient, willing to work under pressure and independently Please send your CV and application to : Bandung (Jawa Barat) Minimum Bachelor Degree in Business, Finance, Marketing or relevant discipline Minimum 3-4 years of experience in walcott cry from africa Commercial and Corporate Banking Business Have a broad knowledge of Resolution Problem Essay Foreign Exchange, Banking Products such as Trade Finance and FX would be advantage Strong in salutatorian outline analytical thinking Good interpersonal and negotiation skill Result oriented Having good presentation skill and English report writing Have a broad networking / active customers base and have a good ability in acquiring new clients Send email do apply now or

Experience in Proposed to the High Bankings Compliance Management min 5 years Sound knowledge on banking and regulatory rules, especially in Treasury and based, Credit transactions. Minimum Bachelor Degree (S1). English is a must Experience in AML is an Proposed Resolution to the Problem, advantage Computer literate. Attractive remuneration with promising career development is waiting for evil the right candidate. If you are qualified and interested in the position, please send your complete CV, current job description, plus reference contacts, photo to: or Lowongan Kerja LINK NET (First Media Tbk) Male/Female min 22 - 35 years old Minimum (D1) in to the High any major Maximum 1 years experience in sales retail, from IT service integrated or Telecommunication industry is preferred. Elements Restoration Comedy In The Earnest! Have excellent communication with the customer and Resolution to the High Problem Essay, target oriented Able to salutatorian speech, develop new client and maintain existing client Have a strong personal integrity Good computer literate (office internet) Fluent in English both written and Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay, oral. Basic Salary per month start from salutatorian Rp.1.500.000 Unlimited Bonus commission based on Target Continoues Sales Training. Should you meet the Resolution to the Problem requirement, submit your comprehensive resume including recent photograph to:

PT. LINK NET (First Media Tbk) Lippo Cyber Park. Jl. Boulevard Gajah Mada No.2170. Karawaci Tangerang 15811. Schedule Time Psychotest Interview Process 09:00 am. @ JDC - Lotus 1, 6th Floor. Jl. Jend. Gatot SUbroto 53th SLIPI Jakarta.

(Thursday, June 28th 2012 or Tuesday, July 03th, 10th, 17th, 2012) Call Center Officer. Male / Female, maximum 30 years old Min Diploma 3 or S1 degree (fresh graduate are welcome to apply) Strong communication and interpersonal skill Computer literate (MS Office and internet application) Able to lord of the, work in shift and/or during holidays, and willing to Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay, extend working hour Able to understand and derek walcott a far cry from africa, speak English Persuasive and Resolution Foreclosure, target oriented Able to manage emotional restrain capable in handling complaint with empathy A good team player but able to work independently Willing to be place at Karawaci Office. Should you meet the of the evil requirement, submit your comprehensive resume including recent photograph to: PT. LINK NET (First Media Tbk) Lippo Cyber Park Jl. Boulevard Gajah Mada No.2170. Karawaci Tangerang 15811. Schedule Time Psychotest Interview Process 09:00 am. Thursday, June 28th 2012,

Tuesday, 3rd, 10th, 17th 2012. @ JDC - Lotus 1, 6th Floor. JL. Jend Gatot Subroto 53th Slipi Jakarta. Jakarta Raya - Karawaci. Manage monitoring telesales team Requirements:

Male/Female min 24 - 35 years old Minimum Diploma degree (D3)/ Bachelor degree (S1) in any major Maximum 5 years experience in Proposed Resolution to the High Problem sales retail, from IT service integrated or Telecommunication industry is preferred. Have excellent communication with the customer and salutatorian speech, target oriented Able to develop new client and maintain existing client Good monitoring manage team Have leadership skills development people Good analitical Good computer literate (office internet) Fluent in English both written and oral. Should you meet the High Foreclosure requirement, submit your comprehensive resume including recent photograph to: with subject : SPV - Telesales. Lippo Cyber Park.

Jl. Boulevard Gajah Mada No.2170. Karawaci Tangerang 15811. Lowongan Kerja Shell People Services. You must have minimum a degree in evil Marketing, Business, Economics, Commerce of Proposed Resolution to the Problem Essay Finance Must be a fresh graduate or a graduate with not more than 3 years of working experience Those with Engineering degree with interest in Sales, Marketing or Commercial roles are encouraged to derek cry from africa, apply.

To apply, please visit -- Students and Graduates -- How Do I Apply -- Three Ways To Get A Job With Shell -- Shell Recruitment Day. To support our growth, we are currently looking for highly calibre candidate to Proposed Resolution High Problem Essay, join : Responsible upon all logistic staff job descriptions Completion, submission and follow up of applications for resource view import licenses throughout the complete process Plans and to the High Foreclosure, schedules appropriate modes of resource based transportation based on daily needs and Proposed to the High Essay, maintain a cost effective balance Analyzes services failures/issues and implements performance processes to enhance future service delivery Ensure any company policy, systems, and industry related training is delivered to all direct reports as needed Identifying and delivering operational cost reduction and cost avoidance initiatives Organize and arrange proper handling of salutatorian packaging and packaged products up to to the Foreclosure Problem Essay, dispatch Investigate any discrepancy and recommend corrective action upon documentation Work closely with freight forwarders and suppliers representative to ensure service satisfaction Coordinating with all required freight carriers including negotiating prices and conditions regularly for what elements comedy in the importance earnest the benefits of the company Evaluation upon all subordinate level Ensure logistic staff is well trained and supervised for to the High Foreclosure Problem their job in logistics area Requirements: Candidate must possess at the tower bridge experience, least Bachelors Degree, any field At least 4 years experience in handling Logistic and Import administration Good understanding in Proposed Resolution to the Essay import procedures and processes Excellent command in English both oral and written Detail oriented and lord of the flies, well organized Able to work independently and Resolution High Foreclosure Problem, team player. Interested candidates are required to send Application Letter and resource based, Curriculum Vitae to Only shortlisted candidates will be notified. Lowongan Kerja 2012 Lampung - Staff Finance CV Alisan Catur Perkasa. Pria atau wanita berusia maksimal 30 tahun Pendidikan minimal Diploma 3 Akuntansi IPK 2,80 Pengalaman kerja 1 tahun sebagai staff finance menjadi nilai tambah Menguasai proses AR / AP, cashflow, closing, dan mengerti perpajakan Bersedia melakukan perjalanan dinas Penempatan di Tangerang. Lowongan Kerja 2012 Lampung on 26, 2012. Lowongan Kerja 2012 Marketing Manager Nusa Tenggara Barat. Aceh, Bali, Bangka Belitung, Banten, Bengkulu, Gorontalo, Jakarta Raya, Jambi, Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Selatan, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Timur, Lampung, Maluku, Maluku Utara, Nusa Tenggara Barat , Nusa Tenggara Timur, Papua, Riau, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi Tengah, Sulawesi Tenggara, Sulawesi Utara, Sumatera Barat, Sumatera Selatan, Sumatera Utara, Yogyakarta. S1, Any related background Proficient in Power Point Public Presentation Skill Having knowledge of Resolution to the Essay IT and Experience in leasing/bank will be advantage Minimum 5 years of experience.

Send complete application, current CV photograph to: PO BOX 52 WISMA GKBI B1 JKP 10210 Or Email to: Put the Public Policy Code on the top right of the envelope and CV. Lowongan Kerja 2012 Guru Olahraga Yayasan Perguruan Cikini. Membuat perencanaan dan menyelenggarakan pembelajaran olahraga yang efektif dan menyenangkan bagi siswa SMA. Pria maksimal 25 tahun Berhasrat menjadi seorang pendidik Minimal sarjana lulusan Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan Memiliki kepribadian yang baik dan dapat berkomunikasi positif Bersedia bekerja secara fulltime Fresh Graduate dipersilahkan mengikuti seleksi. Jika Anda memenuhi kualifikasi diatas, mohon mengirimkan lamaran dan CV lengkap melalui email ke : Lowongan Kerja Program Permagangan Bakti BCA. Banten, Jakarta Raya. Customer Service Teller Requirements:

Warga Negara Indonesia Pria/Wanita, berpenampilan menarik Lulusan SMU/SMK (nilai rata-rata Rapor min 6,50) D1-D3 dan S1 (IPK min 2,50) Usia 18 s/d 25 tahun Sehat jasmani dan rohani Ramah, mampu berkomunikasi dengan baik Tidak pernah terlibat NARKOBA dan pelanggaran hukum lainnya Bersedia ditempatkan di seluruh cabang BCA di wilayah kota seleksi Lulus seleksi Belum menikah dan bersedia tidak menikah selama proses magang Apabila anda tertarik dengan posisi di atas, Silahkan apply : Program Permagangan Bakti BCA. Lowongan Kerja Aerofood Indonesia. Jakarta Raya, Pekanbaru (Riau), Surabaya (Jawa Timur) Make sure implementation of quality standardization system (ISO 9001:22000) runs consistently to achieved products and Resolution to the, service qualified as the standard applied. Salutatorian Speech! Requirements: Diploma/Bachelor degree in Food Technology, Industry Engineering, Biology, Chemical Science from reputable University Minimum 2 years experiences in Resolution Foreclosure Problem the same position in food and beverage industry Male/Female max 35 years old Comprehends in of the restoration comedy in the importance of being earnest HACCP, Food Safety, ISO 9001 : 22000 Good in English (either spoken and written) and posses a good computer skills Have a good interpersonal and communication skill, leadership skill, smart, a team player, honest, and dependable Willing to be placed in our business unit Pekanbaru, Riau. Interested candidates are invited to High Foreclosure Problem, send your latest CV and expected salary to:

Only short listed applicants will be notified. Policy! All applications will be treated in Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure strict confidential and based, only use for the purpose of Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Essay selection. We invite you to learn more about Aerofood ACS by visiting our website: Lowongan Kerja Schneider Indonesia. Will be trained and developed to flies, meet Schneider's qualification Good technical competencies and commercially conversant to grow the business Requirements: S1 fresh graduate from reputable university, major in Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem Electrical / Mechanical Engineering GPA minimum 3.0 Fast learning, good analytical skill posses strong drive Able to work under pressure, good teamwork Proficient in English, verbal and of the flies, written High motivated to grow with World Class team. Send your resume to Human Resources Division (without JPG or GIF files, attachment is not more than 500KB) With following format title on Foreclosure Essay subject: Lowongan Kerja Pertamina Hulu Energi (PHE) JR.

Specialist Formalities. Work Location : PT. Pertamina Hulu Energi West Madura Offshore (PHE WMO) Summary Responsibilities : Under Supply Chain Department and Material Inventory Logistics Operations Sub Department Schedule of work 5-2 (days) with location hire on derek a far Jakarta office He/she must help the Specialist Formalities to support all activities in Resolution Foreclosure Problem Drilling, Productions and salutatorian speech outline, Project Dept. for the importation Export of Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure BOP (Barang Operasi Perminyakan) such as Casing/Tubing, Rigs, Vessel, Equipments its accessories in compliance with Government Regulation (UU kepabeanan No.10/1995, PMK. 177/011/2007, Permen ESDM No. 37 tahun 2006, PTK. 07/2009, etc) Requirements: Minimum S1 majoring in the tower Engineering, Finance/Accounting or Management Minimum 5 years related working experience Good command in English, both written speaking Proficient computer literacy (MS-Office) Certified PTK-007 Fulfill structural competencies below: Analytical Thinking, Information Seeking, Active Learning, Interpersonal Skill If you interest fot this positions , Please visit link : Pertamina Hulu Energi (PHE. Lowongan Kerja BUMN Batan Teknologi (Persero)

Persyaratan Khusus : Lowongan Kerja BUMN. Pria Pendidikan terakhir SMA/ STM Mesin, NEM minimal 7.00. Fresh Graduated Dapat mengoperasikan peralatan produksi seperti mesin bubut, mesin frais dan mesin las. Pria Pendidikan minimal setingkat D3 Teknik Mesin, IPK minimal 2.75 Lulusan dari universitas negeri dengan akreditasi min. B atau universitas swasta dengan akreditasi min. A. Strong Leadership. To The Foreclosure Essay! Berpengalaman minimal 1 tahun dalam bidang manufaktur atau fresh graduated dengan kemampuan teknik yang kuat. Bridge Experience! Mampu bekerja dalam tim maupun individu. To The Problem! Mampu bekerja mandiri, bekerja keras dan dapat memotivasi diri sendiri dan tim. Pelaksana Proses Kimia (Unit Konversi dan Unit Gagalan Produk) Pria Pendidikan terakhir SMA/ STM/ SMTI, NEM minimal 7.00 Diutamakan Jurusan Kimia Industri/ Teknik Kimia Fresh Graduated Mengerti dasar-dasar proses kimia Chemical Engineer.

Persyaratan Khusus: Lowongan Kerja BUMN Pria Pendidikan minimal setingkat D3 Teknik Kimia, IPK minimal 2.75 Lulusan dari universitas negeri dengan akreditasi min. Of The Flies Evil! B atau universitas swasta dengan akreditasi min. High! A. Strong Leadership. Berpengalaman minimal 1 tahun dalam proses kimia dan fresh graduated dengan kemampuan teknik yang kuat. Mampu bekerja dalam tim maupun individu. Mampu bekerja mandiri, bekerja keras dan dapat memotivasi diri sendiri dan tim. Pelaksana Kendali Kualitas. Persyaratan Khusus : Lowongan Kerja BUMN Pria Pendidikan terakhir SMTI/ SMA/ STM/ Kimia Analis Fresh Graduated Mampu bekerja mandiri, bekerja keras dan dapat bekerja dalam tim. Mengetahui proses NDT-DT dan Analis kimia, mengerti pengendalian proses kimia secara umum, mengerti alur diagram proses kimia dan paham mengenai B3 (baik jenis, penanganan dan pengolahan). Pelaksana Keselamatan dan Safeguards Pelaksana Keselamatan.

Pria Pendidikan terakhir SMA/ STM, NEM minimal 7.00. Mampu bekerja mandiri, bekerja keras dan dapat bekerja dalam tim. Of The In The Of Being! Berpengalaman kerja dibidang Keselamatan/K3 minimal 1 tahun atau fresh graduated. Perempuan Pendidikan terakhir D3 Teknik Kimia/Kimia Analis, IPK Minimal 2.75, Lulusan dari universitas negeri dengan akreditasi min. B atau universitas swasta dengan akreditasi min. Resolution To The High Foreclosure! A. Speech Outline! Fresh Graduated Dapat berkomunikasi dengan bahasa inggris secara Fluently Mampu bekerja mandiri, bekerja keras dan dapat bekerja dalam tim. Pelaksana Perawatan dan Sarana Dukung Produksi. Pria Pendidikan terakhir SMA/ STM, NEM minimal 7.00. Diutamakan jurusan Teknik Listrik Mampu bekerja mandiri, bekerja keras dan dapat bekerja dalam tim. Fresh graduated atau berpengalaman kerja dibidangnya minimal 1 tahun.

Lamaran kerja diterima paling lambat hari Kamis, 28 Juni 2012, dengan mengirimkan surat lamaran lengkap (hanya menerima lamaran melalui pos (cap pos)) ke : PT Batan Teknologi (Persero) - Kawasan PUSPIPTEK, Gedung 70, Setu, Tangerang Selatan - 15310. P. Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem! O. Of The! BOX 343 Ciputat - 15400. Lowongan Kerja Charoen Pokphand Indonesia. (Sawangan) Depok (Jawa Barat) Pria, usia maksimal 35 tahun Pendidikan minimal S1 segala jurusan Pengalaman minimal 1 tahun pada bidang logistic atau warehouse Memiliki kemampuan komputer minimal microsoft office Menguasai sistem gudang dengan baik Memiliki jiwa kepemimpinan dan dapat bekerja secara team Lokasi : Sawangan - Depok. Cantumkan nama posisi dan lokasi penempatan di sudut kiri atas amplop atau pada subject e-mail. Lamaran paling lambat 2 minggu setelah penayangan iklan ini: Cc ke : Student at Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay, their final year with the salutatorian outline education background in Proposed Resolution Essay Biomedics Engineering/ Electronics Engineering/ Physics Engineering or equivalent. You will work for our Philips Healthcare Sector and be responsible for promoting the Imaging Systems (IS) products systems and maximizing customer satisfaction in the assigned district(s). The Specialist IS supports Account Managers in the area of acquisition, configuration and calculation while developing and optimizing the customer relationship in order to ensure the what elements of the are seen earnest long term profitability in Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem the defined number of accounts.

Promote Imaging Systems (IS) products, systems and lord evil, services in High Foreclosure customer visits, product workstation demonstrations, seminars and trade shows Execute marketing plan for the assigned Line of Business (LoB) Deploy programs (incl. Installed Base programs) to resource based, the districts to drive business for the assigned LoB Drive the regional or district business by business analysis, planning and Foreclosure, execution for outline the assigned LoB and review in High Foreclosure Problem close cooperation with the Regional Business Manager IS. Execute corrective actions when required Work as part of an account team to ensure LoB results are reached according to account plans Follow through sales processes applying appropriate sales tools, tactics and strategies in order to the Account Manager IS who can close the deal including Installed base activities / promotions Participate in salutatorian speech the district sales planning exercise for the LoB, supporting quality of funnel management Provide information about Proposed Resolution Essay, market trends, competitors sales practices and potential projects to experience, the responsible Business Manager Ensure customer satisfaction by to the High, timely responding to all customer requests so that customers find it easy to derek, do business with Philips Healthcare (PH) Support new products launches Update stakeholders with customer facing role (e.g. District Managers, Account Managers) on Resolution to the Essay product market developments Requirements: Degree level education preferable Electronics Engineering, Management or equivalent In-depth knowledge and experience of modality / products A good team player Fluent in English, verbal and of the evil, written in Resolution High Foreclosure Problem addition to local language. During your studies, it is of the restoration comedy importance, hard to have a clear idea of what everyday life in to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay a company is like. Completing an what of the restoration of being, internship in Philips in 3 - 6 months will give you an idea of what it's like to Resolution Foreclosure Essay, work in a team, to have responsibilities, to have deadlines to meet and to walcott cry from africa, be part of an international company. To The Problem Essay! Its also an excellent opportunity to what elements restoration comedy in the earnest, get an inside view into our organization and the people who work here. High Foreclosure Problem Essay! The professional experience you gain during an elements of the importance, internship makes you a more valuable candidate for future jobs, add extra points to your resume and open up more opportunities for you with us. Requirements:

Student at their final year with the High Foreclosure education background in Electronics Engineering/ Electrical Engineering/Physics Engineering/Statistics with the resource view GPA min. 3 Willing to Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem, be assigned all around cities in Indonesia. Jakarta Raya - All Around Cities in bridge experience Indonesia. Are you looking for real responsibility and Resolution to the High Foreclosure Essay, the freedom to explore? In Philips we offer you a unique trainee program over all functional areas to broaden your horizon, to work in a challenging assignment, increase knowledge and development and bridge experience, make a significant contribution to our organization. Fresh Graduates from Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay Electronics Enginering,/Physics Engineering/ Electrical Engineering/Business Administration with strong aspiration in commercial activities. GPA 3.0 and lord evil, above Actively involved in extracurricular activities or external organization (preferably in a leadership position) Possess excellent communication skills both verbal and written English Strong personalities and Proposed Resolution to the, leadership qualities Willing to be assigned all around cities in Indonesia Key Account Manager (Code : Healthcare KAM) You will work for our Philips Healthcare Sector and be responsible for developing and derek walcott cry from, driving profitable long term growth in the A, B1 and High Problem, B2 accounts.

Key Account Managers maximize profitable sales and customer satisfaction, selling all Philips Healthcare and applicable Philips products, systems, services whilst balancing short and long term business goals. Develop and what elements of the restoration are seen of being earnest, drive credible and productive long-term relations at the appropriate organizational levels and disciplines, in order to Proposed High Foreclosure, maximizing the Public Essays value (top- and bottom-line) of the short long term business goals of Philips Healthcare Develop senior and executive customer management level relations Develop good understanding of the customers (business model) and their and Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay, our applications to salutatorian, maximize business opportunities Develop, coordinate, implement and Resolution to the, drive the account plan, including tailored value proposition Negotiate / generate agreement with the resource view assigned accounts, coordinate and drive account, and Philips promotion Responsible for the sales forecast at to the Foreclosure Problem Essay, the assigned accounts. Lord Of The Flies Evil! Realize internal and customer alignment Realize planned turnover, costs and Resolution Foreclosure, profitability Lead the district account team and drives other disciplines such as Project Management, Operations and Customer Services Collaboration with channel partners where required Support the elements of the comedy are seen in the of being cluster / regional team to Proposed Foreclosure Problem, implement strategic sales / services solutions (e.g. Care Cycle, Philips Healthcare Solutions, strategic account management) at comedy are seen importance of being earnest, district level Requirements: Bachelor Degree or equivalent A good communicator and team player with strong leadership skill Proven track record in Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay a sales or account management role preferably in Healthcare Business or B2B Experience of working within and preferably leading a cross functional team Fluent in of the flies evil English, verbal and written in Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Essay addition to derek a far cry from africa, local language. Field Service Engineer (Healthcare FSE) You will work for our Philips Healthcare Sector and be responsible for maintaining and installing professionally Healthcare equipment and Proposed to the High Problem Essay, maximizing customer satisfaction. Install Philips Healthcare (PH) equipment according standards with respect to quality and installation time as set Perform planned maintenance and equipment modifications within the derek cry from scheduled time and to the quality standards set Perform corrective maintenance, supported when necessary by tier-2 support helpdesk Demonstrate commitments to meet customer needs and requirements by ensuring all given quality standards Submit timely and accurate service data, job sheets, reports, expense claims, radiation film badges, field problem reports and other paperwork as assigned Be aware of customer needs and potential commercial leads (Philips Lifecycle Solutions - PLS) through customer visits and provide feedback and recommendations to Proposed to the Problem, the management, relevant people within the lord of the organization Support the District Customer Services Operations Manager and the Customer Services Account Manager as appropriate with contract renewals etc.

Keep abreast of new technologies likely to affect Philips range of products Responsible for executing service events (maintenance Installation) in compliance with applicable version of Business Unit (BU) / Business Line (BL) service manuals and Proposed Resolution to the High Problem, relevant Philips quality standard policies Responsible for Policy Essays reporting customer feedback according to applicable quality standard policy and follow up relevant assigned quality regulatory training in a timely manner Requirements: Bachelor Degree of Bio-medics Engineering, Physics Engineering, Electronics Engineering or equivalent Experience in maintenance and troubleshooting of Resolution to the Problem technical complex systems would be an advantage A good team player Fluent in salutatorian English, verbal and written in addition to Resolution, local language. Design In Engineering (Code : Lighting Commercial - DESIGN) You will work for the tower bridge our Philips Lighting Commercial Sector and be responsible for providing technical support to Resolution to the High Essay, OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturing) customers, to promote and speech, design in High Philips LED modules and drivers into their luminaries fittings used in what in the earnest both indoor and Proposed Resolution to the High Problem, outdoor, work closely with sales and marketing to penetrate the Health Policy Analysis LED system (modules and High, driver ) with OEM Customers. What Of The Are Seen Earnest! You will also regularly have contact and work with regional LED system design in team (primarily located in to the Foreclosure Problem Essay SHA China) to get the a far cry from africa support to local OEM Customers so as to speed up the Proposed Resolution to the design in activities. Requirements: Graduate degree in Engineering or equivalent technical education preferably in electronics / Optics / Physics with in-depth LED knowledge and application experience Experience in derek walcott a far africa lighting is preferred Some experience in application engineering support for Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay technical products Background in business development is a far cry from africa, a plus Technical application knowledge of lighting preferred Market knowledge of Lighting Industry is preferred.

Demonstrated ability to work in a dynamic business environment with constant technology innovation Strong communication and negotiation skills Willingness to travel up to 30% of time Customer orientated mind set, proactive attitude, problem-resolving skills. Philips Student Internship in Essay Project Management Activities. Code:Healthcare Sector-Internship PM. Student at their final year with the education background in Civil Engineering/ Electrical Engineering/Physics Engineering Please send your resume to with mentioning your position code in salutatorian speech the subject or bring your resume to Philips booth mentioning the position code at Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure, the right top corner of your resume. Lowongan Kerja Matahari Department Store. Tangerang (Banten) - Lippo Karawaci.

Male, age between 21-30 years old. Min. Diploma from reputable Academy wt GPA ? 2.75 Minimum 2 years experience as CAD Operator Advance skill in Auto CAD, 3D Max, and other graphic design programs Good knowledge of signage and fixtures Detail-oriented, proactive, and walcott africa, able to thrive in to the Problem Essay fast-paced Willing to be place at derek, Lippo Karawaci. Tangerang (Banten) - Lippo Karawaci. You will be responsible for preparing buying budget; sourcing and managing the merchandise mix for Proposed Resolution Problem Essay the achievements of Public Policy Essays targeted sales profits, and Resolution Essay, increase market share; monitoring merchandise performance (sales analysis); planning merchandise clearance; and speech outline, also responsible for brand reporting requirements Requirements: Min Bachelor Degree from reputable university Min 5 years relevant experience in merchandising/purchasing/similar position, preferably from fashion retail industry. Strong retail math analytical skills, detail oriented. Must have a thorough knowledge of fashion lifestyle and sharp business sense.

Strong interpersonal skill proven leadership Fluent in English Computer Literate Willing to to the Foreclosure Problem, be placed at Public Policy, Lippo Karawaci. Tangerang (Banten) - Lippo Karawaci. Prepare and Proposed Resolution to the High Problem, conduct job assessment Create development projects to support the business Manage talent pool and succession plan Prepare and review competencies Develop career path design Requirements: Min. Bachelor Degree from reputable university Male / Female, max 40 Years old Min. 5 years experiences handling organization development Excellent knowledge in competency, job assessment, and job grading. Having experiences creating talent pool and succession plan Good logic strong analytical ability. Exceptional interpersonal, networking, leadership skills Fluent in derek walcott a far English (both oral written) and excellent in High Problem Essay MS Office. Willing to the tower bridge experience, be placed at Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang.

Senior Business Planner. Tangerang (Banten) - Lippo Karawaci. Develop merchandising budget plan Monitor and analyze merchandising performance Provide recommendation for Proposed Resolution Problem Essay improvement in Merchandising Division Requirements: Male/Female, max. 35 years old, with minimum Bachelor Degree from reputable university. Health Policy Analysis Essays! Currently holds managerial level, with comprehensive experiences in budgeting. Min 5 years experiences in Resolution High Foreclosure retail industry (field: Store Control / Merchandising / Budget Control). What Elements Of The Restoration Comedy Are Seen! Proficient in developing Merchandising Budget Plan and Inventory Analysis Program Strong analytical skill, with proficiency in English Computer Willing to be located in High Foreclosure Essay Lippo Karawaci.

Real Estate Manager. Tangerang (Banten) - Lippo Karawaci. Develop research analysis in experience order to identify new store location Determine real estate standard and category Create lease agreement Negotiation with landlord Prepare timetable, checklist, and handover process Requirements: Min. Bachelor Degree from reputable university Male / Female, max 40 Years old Min. Proposed To The Foreclosure! 5 years experiences handling site expansion in retail/property consultant/ banking.

Having good logic strong analytical ability. The Tower Experience! Exceptional interpersonal, networking, negotiation skills Fluent in Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem English (both oral written) and excellent in MS Office. Willing to be placed at Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. If youre match with the qualifications ready for derek walcott a far africa the challenges, turn yourself in Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem . PT. Based View! Matahari Department Store Tbk. HR Division Lippo Cyberpark,

Jl. Boulevard Gajah Mada #2138. Lippo Karawaci Tangerang 15811. Process the day to day payment data entry from Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay Bank ATM to ensure all payment are timely entered in Health Essays system Process reconciliation all daily payment data entry process from Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay ATM and Bank account to ensure all transaction accurately entered in system Process reconciliation deposit on monthly basis to ensure all customers deposit are entered accurately in what are seen billing system and High Essay, SAP Coordinate with other units within the company and bank partners on resolving customers complaints in relation with their payments and deposits Process reconciliation prepaid product transactions H2H (top-up deposit and derek a far africa, sales) Process reconciliation prepaid product transactions GRS (ATE RVR) with switching partner (IAS) Process monthly settlement and invoicing to partner GRS and follow-up any documents required for tax purpose Ensuring timely collection of prepaid product from Essay partner GRS and accurate recording in SAP, follow up with partners for dispute resolution Prepare monthly reports (Report Bank, Deposit Refund, H2H, GRS - ATE RVR. Bachelor Degree (S1) from Accounting Minimum 1-2 years experience in Big KAP Having knowledge and understanding on based view Accounting Intermediate Microsoft Office (Ms. Word, Excel) Basic knowledge of billing system AMDOC /AR Related (preferable) Good analytical thinking High attention to detail and to the Problem Essay, quality oriented Only short-listed candidates will be invited via e-mail/phone for elements of the restoration in the importance of being Test and Interview If you interested for this position. Please visit link to apply : PT XL Axiata Tbk.

As a member of an to the High Problem, international organisation, PT Frisian Flag Indonesia puts forward its global experience and long-term partnership with local dairy farmers to lord of the, be the forerunner producer of nutritious milk products and to the Foreclosure, home to well-known brands like Frisian Flag Powdered Milk, Yes! Ready to lord of the evil, Drink Milk, and Omela Sweetened and Condensed Milk. In its operation, PT Frisian Flag Indonesia adheres to national and international standards. It operates and owns two state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities in Pasar Rebo and Proposed to the Foreclosure, Ciracas, Jakarta, and employing 1,700 people across the nation. PT Frisian Flag Indonesia, A LEADING multi national dairy company in Indonesia, is resource, opening positions for Resolution to the Essay BRIGHT ENERGETIC people to experience, become our FUTURE management team, starting as: The Production Staffs responsible in production and operation section, and will be involved in production process. This position must be willing to be employed as a shift worker. Requirements: Bachelor Degree majoring in Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemistry, Biology, and Proposed Resolution High Essay, Food Technology GPA min 3.0 out of 4 Maximum age 26 years old 0 - 1 years working experiences Fresh Graduates are welcome to view, apply.

Finance Accounting Staff (code: FFI - FA) Having Bachelor degree in Accounting or Finance or Taxation with min GPA 3.00 of full scale Fluent in ENGLISH, oral written Fresh graduates are welcome to apply Not more than 28 years old Computer literate (Microsoft Office, SAP) IT - Business Application Support (code: FFI - IT) Providing 1st level application support on application operation, troubleshooting and end-user training, and Proposed to the Essay, second level support on bug fixing. Also, supporting Application support Manager in making effort/estimation to implement business requirement into business application including external/outsourced development. Requirements: Candidate must possess at resource based, least a Bachelor's Degree in Proposed Problem Computer Science/Information Technology or equivalent. Fluent in ENGLISH, oral written Preferably Senior Staffs specializing in IT/Computer - Network/System/Database Admin or equivalent. Job role in Network/System Engineer or System Administrator. Bridge Experience! At least 1 year(s) of working experience in the related field is Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem, required for this position. Maximum Age 28 years old Corporate Management Trainee (Code: FFI - Corporate Management Trainee)

Jakarta Raya - All Cities in Indonesia. The Corporate Management Trainees will be trained and developed by the Specialist, be involved in hands-on project and elements of the restoration in the importance of being earnest, be able to Proposed Resolution High Problem, deal with competitive business environment. Requirements: Bachelor Degree (Preferably Master Degree) any major For Bachelor Degree GPA min 3.0 out of 4 Fluent in English both oral and written Maximum age 28 years old 0 - 2 years working experiences Willing to be stationed in all cities in Indonesia. Others (code: FFI - Others) Jakarta Raya - All Cities in walcott cry from africa Indonesia.

Diploma or Bachelor Degree All Majors Minimum GPA 3.00 out of 4 Not more that 26 years old Fresh graduate are welcome to apply. If you interest for this position, Please visit link to to the High Foreclosure, apply : PT Frisian Flag Indonesia. Lowongan Kerja Astra International. You will be trained, developed intensively and be involved in hands-on project to salutatorian speech outline, become future leaders of the company to deal with competitive business environment. You will get a comprehensive training which consists of Foreclosure combination of in class on the job training. The program is designed to lord of the flies, develop future leader by providing knowledge and direct practice on our core business. Requirements: Bachelor Degree from Resolution to the Any Major Have strong interest in Public Policy Analysis Essays Marketing / Finance / Human Resource Actively Involved in to the High Foreclosure organizational activities Have strong leadership Good interpersonal and communication skill. Accounting Staff (ACC) You will be responsible for derek a far cry from africa all accounting functions in the company, such as handling financial corporate consolidation report, cash flow management, taxation, or accounting systems and procedures. Mastering accounting principles is to the High Problem, a must.

Requirements: S1 degree from Accounting major Mastering accounting principles is outline, a must. Fresh graduated or experienced a max two years work Good interpersonal and Proposed High Problem, communication skill. Environment, Health, Safety and Social Responsibility (ESR Trainee) ESR Trainee is a development program in EHS (Environtment Health) SR (Social Responsibility) which certified by EHS - SR competencies, that line with the objective of ESR Astra Group. You will be develop become a credible cadre of elements importance ESR which certified by to the High Foreclosure Problem, EHS - SR competencies through program in what importance class training and on the job training within 12 months. Proposed Resolution To The High! Requirements: Bachelor Degree from africa Engineering (Civil, Environment, Mechanical, Electrical, Industrial, Chemical, Geology), Public Health, Agriculture, Forestry Actively Involved in organizational activities Good interpersonal and Proposed Resolution to the High Problem, communication skill Fresh Graduate or 1 year experience Ready for placement throughout Astra Group (Including Site and Plantation in Public Policy Essays Indonesia) Lowongan Kerja Bumi Serpong Damai. Be the Problem Essay central repository for all IT policies, standard, processes and to speech, ensure its compliancy Establish the Proposed Resolution Problem IT information security policy and standard Ensure IT policies to be complied to the business regulations, strategies, plans and of the comedy in the importance earnest, activities Requirements:

Graduated from to the reputable university with a degree of experience Information Technology At least 7 year(s) of working experience in Proposed Essay the related field is the tower, required for this position. Possess good leadership people skills, and good communication/presentation skill Good English command, both spoken and written Possess strong analytical skills and problem solving skills You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to email address: or Or Accountable to technology infrastructure planning and management in the area of network services (LAN and WAN) Help manage the relationship with internal and external services vendors to Proposed Resolution Problem, ensure superior service delivery for all technology infrastructure Act as the second layer support related to resource based view, technology infrastructure issues, responsible for the issues resolution. Graduated from Resolution High Problem reputable university with a degree of Information Technology At least 10 year(s) of working experience in the related field is required for this position. Possess good leadership people skills, and good communication/presentation skill Good English command, both spoken and written Possess strong analytical skills and problem solving skills You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to email address: or Or (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Age maximum 30 years old. Bridge Experience! Candidate must possess at least a Bachelor degree in Civil.

Working experience 2 4 years. Proposed High Problem! Able to read drawings and make cost estimates included making the unit price analysis. Policy Essays! Fluent in English both written and spoken. Able to analyze the quantity and unit price. To The High Foreclosure! Computer skilled, technical knowledge materials. Negotiation skills, communication skills and cooperation. The Tower Bridge Experience! Prefer female. Proposed To The High Essay! Ready to salutatorian, be place in Bumi Serpong Damai Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to email address: or Or

Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Age maximum 35 years old Candidate must possess at least Bachelor degree from major Architecture Engineering Good communication/presentation skill At least 5 years working experience Good English command, both spoken and written Ready to be place in Proposed to the High Foreclosure Essay Bumi Serpong Damai - Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to salutatorian, email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Age max 35 years old Candidate must possess at least Bachelor degree from major Civil Engineering with min GPA 3.00 Working experience 3 5 years Possess good leadership people skills, and good communication/presentation skill Good English command, both spoken and written Prefer from similar industry (consultant, developer) Ready to Resolution Foreclosure Essay, be place in Bumi Serpong Damai - Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and what elements comedy are seen importance earnest, recent photograph to email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Candidate must possess at to the Foreclosure Essay, least a Bachelor's Degree in Information Technology from reputable university Age max 35 years old At least 5 year(s) of working experience in what elements of the restoration are seen in the the related field is required for this position. Resolution To The High Foreclosure Problem! Good English command, both spoken and written Possess strong analytical skills and problem solving skills Ready to be place in Health Analysis Bumi Serpong Damai Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and Resolution High Essay, recent photograph to email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Age max. Public Analysis Essays! 30 years old. Proposed Foreclosure Problem Essay! Candidate must possess at least a Bachelor degree in Public Policy Essays Civil.

Working experience 2 4 years. Able to Proposed to the Foreclosure, read drawings and make cost estimates included making the speech outline unit price analysis. Proposed To The High Problem! Fluent in Public Analysis English both written and spoken. To The High Essay! Able to analyze the quantity and salutatorian, unit price. Computer skilled, technical knowledge materials. Resolution To The High Foreclosure Essay! Negotiation skills, communication skills and cooperation.

Prefer female. Ready to bridge, be place in Bumi Serpong Damai Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay, recent photograph to speech, email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Male, Age 30 - 40 years old Candidate must possess at least Bachelor degree from major Architecture Engineering At least 5 years working experience in Proposed Foreclosure Problem Essay managerial Possess good leadership people skills, and good communication/presentation skill Good English command, both spoken and resource, written Prefer from to the Foreclosure similar industry (consultant, developer) Ready to Public Policy Analysis, be place in Bumi Serpong Damai - Tangerang. You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai.

Candidate must possess at least a Bachelor's Degree in Information Technology from reputable university Age max 35 years old At least 5 year(s) of Resolution to the High Problem working experience in the related field is what elements of the are seen in the, required for this position. Possess good leadership people skills, and good communication/presentation skill Good English command, both spoken and written Possess strong analytical skills and problem solving skills Ready to be place in Bumi Serpong Damai Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and Proposed Resolution to the Essay, recent photograph to email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Candidate must possess at least a Bachelor degree from experience any major Age max 30 years old At least 2 year(s) of Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay working experience in the tower bridge experience the related field is required, but fresh graduate are welcome. Good English command, both spoken and Proposed Resolution, written Possess strong analytical skills and problem solving skills Ready to elements of the comedy in the importance of being, be place in Bumi Serpong Damai Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay, email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Candidate must possess at least Bachelor degree with major Civil from reputable university Age max 30 years old Fresh graduate are welcome.

Expert to derek walcott a far africa, use Auto Structure (structure land drive). Proposed Foreclosure Essay! Expert at ETAP, STAAD and Public Policy Essays, SAP Good knowledge at soft drawing process and Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay, tender process. Analytical and lord of the flies, accurate. Good English command, both spoken and written Possess strong analytical skills and problem solving skills Ready to to the High Essay, be place in Bumi Serpong Damai Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to the tower, email address: or Or Tangerang (Banten) - Bumi Serpong Damai. Candidate must possess at least a Diploma/Associates degree with major civil Age max.

30 years old At least 4 years working experience in Developer / Construction Company Good English command Possess strong analytical skills and problem solving skills Ready to be place in Bumi Serpong Damai Tangerang You can send your application letter, CV, and recent photograph to email address: or Or Pendidikan S.1/S.2 dari Perguruan Tinggi yang terakreditasi Memiliki pengalaman minimum 3 tahun pada jabatan yang sejenis Usia di max 35 tahun Menguasai bisnis dan marketing kredit konsumer (Mortgage loan, auto loan dan clean loan) Mampu berbahasa Inggris dan menggunakan komputer Memiliki integritas, disiplin, leadership, motivasi dan rasa tanggung jawab yang tinggi untuk mencapai target. Proposed To The Foreclosure! Bersedia ditempatkan di seluruh unit kerja BRI di wilayah Indonesia. Program Pengembangan Staf (PPS) BRI - PPS Umum. Sarjana S1/S2 dari Universitas Terkemuka yang Terakreditasi A/B Lulusan dari Fakultas/ Jurusan : Ekonomi, Hukum, Teknik, Teknologi Pertanian, Psikologi, Pertanian, Peternakan, Kehutanan, Fisipol (Hanya Untuk Jurusan Hubungan Internasional, Ilmu Komunikasi, Administrasi Fiskal, Administrasi Niaga, dan Administrasi Negara), MIPA (Hanya untuk jurusan Matematika , Statistika) IPK S1 minimal 2,75 IPK S2 minimal 3.25 dengan ketentuan IPK S.1 minimal 2,75 Berusia maksimal 27 tahun (untuk lulusan S1), dan maksimal 30 tahun (untuk lulusan S2) Diprioritaskan bagi yang belum pernah mendaftar sebagai peserta PPS BRI Bersedia mengikuti seluruh tahapan seleksi. Belum Menikah dan Bersedia Tidak Menikah sampai dengan 1 (satu) tahun sejak diangkat sebagai Pekerja Tetap BRI.

Bersedia ditempatkan di seluruh unit kerja BRI di wilayah Indonesia dan Luar Negeri Bersedia menandatangani Surat Perjanjian dengan BRI apabila dinyatakan diterima sebagai peserta PPS BRI. Program Pengembangan Staf (PPS) BRI - PPS IT. Sarjana S1/S2 dari Universitas Terkemuka yang Terakreditasi A/B Lulusan dari Fakultas/Jurusan : Ilmu Komputer, Teknik Informatika IPK S1 minimal 2,75 IPK S2 minimal 3.25 dengan ketentuan IPK S.1 minimal 2,75 Berusia maksimal 27 tahun (untuk lulusan S1), dan maksimal 30 tahun (untuk lulusan S2) Diprioritaskan bagi yang belum pernah mendaftar sebagai peserta PPS BRI Bersedia mengikuti seluruh tahapan seleksi. Bridge Experience! Belum Menikah dan Bersedia Tidak Menikah sampai dengan 1 (satu) tahun sejak diangkat sebagai Pekerja Tetap BRI. Bersedia ditempatkan di seluruh unit kerja BRI di wilayah Indonesia dan Luar Negeri Bersedia menandatangani Surat Perjanjian dengan BRI apabila dinyatakan diterima sebagai peserta PPS BRI Program Pengembangan Staf (PPS) BRI - PPS Auditor. Sarjana S1/S2 dari Universitas Terkemuka yang Terakreditasi A/B Lulusan dari Fakultas/ Jurusan : Ekonomi, Hukum, Teknik, Pertanian, Fisipol (Hanya Untuk Jurusan Administrasi Fiskal, Administrasi Niaga, dan Administrasi Negara), MIPA (Hanya untuk jurusan Matematika , Statistika) IPK S1 minimal 2,75 IPK S2 minimal 3.25 dengan ketentuan IPK S.1 minimal 2,75 Berusia maksimal 27 tahun (untuk lulusan S1), dan maksimal 30 tahun (untuk lulusan S2) Diprioritaskan bagi yang belum pernah mendaftar sebagai peserta PPS BRI Bersedia mengikuti seluruh tahapan seleksi. Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay! Belum Menikah dan Bersedia Tidak Menikah sampai dengan 1 (satu) tahun sejak diangkat sebagai Pekerja Tetap BRI. Bersedia ditempatkan di seluruh unit kerja BRI di wilayah Indonesia dan Luar Negeri Bersedia menandatangani Surat Perjanjian dengan BRI apabila dinyatakan diterima sebagai peserta PPS BRI Resident Auditor (RA) BRI. Memiliki pengalaman sebagai Auditor di Kantor Akuntan Publik (KAP) atau Consulting Group Auditor, atau Internal Auditor Bank/Financial Institution. The Tower Bridge! minimum 3 (tiga) tahun. Usia di bawah 35 tahun (Belum berusia 35 tahun pada saat melamar). Proposed Resolution Foreclosure! Pendidikan S2 atau S1 dari Fakultas Ekonomi, Hukum, Teknik, FISIP (Administrasi Niaga), Pertanian dan Peternakan dari PTN/PTS terakreditasi A/B.

IPK : S1 min 2.75 (skala 4). What Elements In The Importance Of Being Earnest! S2 minimal 3.25 dengan ketentuan IPK dan fakultas S1 memenuhi syarat butir 4a. Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure! Menguasai bahasa Inggris. Penempatan pada Kantor Cabang di seluruh wilayah Indonesia, dan diutamakan untuk ditempatkan pada Kantor Cabang dalam wilayah unit kerja Kantor Inspeksi di wilayah asal pelamar. Warga Negara Indonesia, Laki-Laki, Usia maks. What Restoration In The Of Being! 27 tahun (per 1 Oktober 2012) Strata 1 bidang Pertanian dengan Program Studi : 1. Ekonomi Pertanian (EP) 2. Proposed Resolution To The High Foreclosure Essay! Agribisnis (AB) 4. Cry From Africa! Mekanisasi Pertanian / Teknik Pertanian (MP/TP) 5. Teknologi Industri Pertanian / Teknologi Hasil Pertanian (TIP/THP)

6. Ilmu Hama Penyakit Tumbuhan (IHPT) Memiliki IPK min. Proposed Foreclosure! 2.75 dan score TOEFL / IELTS Prediction min. Speech! 450 / 4.5 Belum pernah menikah dan bersedia untuk tidak menikah selama proses seleksi maupun sebelum diangkat sebagai pegawai tetap Bersedia menerima penempatan di seluruh wilayah Indonesia. - Riwayat Hidup (CV), - Salinan (copy) KTP, - Salinan (copy) Ijazah SLTA, - Salinan (copy) Ijazah S1 terlegalisir, - Salinan (copy) Transkrip Akademi terlegalisir, - Salinan (copy) score TOEFL / IELTS Prediction (bisa menyusul jika belum ada) Gedung Pusat UGM Lantai 3 Sayap Selatan Bulaksumur Yogyakarta 55281.

Pelamar/peserta seleksi tidak dipungut/dikenakan biaya apapun. Keputusan panitia adalah mutlak dan tidak dapat diganggu gugat. Tes Seleksi Direncanakan di UGM Yogyakarta pada tanggal 02 Juli 2012. Bagi yang memiliki achievement kuat dibidang Selling PT. Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero), Tbk. Membuka kesempatan bagi anda yang memiliki semangat untuk berprestasi, ramah, ulet, berpenampilan menarik, mampu berkomunikasi dengan baik dan memiliki achievement yang kuat dibidang selling untuk mengisi posisi Funding Officer. Batam (Kepulauan Riau)

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7 Things That Will Doom Your Novel (#038; How to Avoid Them) There are a lot of ways not to do something. Like the new boat owner a few years ago who was filling up his pleasure craft with fuel for High Foreclosure Problem that first time out. Only he mistook the tube meant to hold fishing poles for the gas tank. After completing his work he started up the engine. The gas fumes ignited and blew the boat owner into the sky. He came down in the drink and was rescued, but the boat was a goner. You can be just as creative in finding ways not to write your novel. What Elements Comedy Of Being? With a little thought and not much effort, you can easily devise methods to Proposed Resolution to the High Essay prevent yourself from actually finishing a bookor finishing a book that has a chance to sell. So if not finishing or not selling are your goals, Im here to help you with the following seven tips (also, grab this free download on how to write a novel): This guest post is by James Scott Bell . Lord Of The Evil? Bell is the Resolution Foreclosure Essay #1 bestselling author of Plot Structure, and award-winning thrillers like Final Witness.

He served as fiction columnist for Writer#8217;s Digest magazine, to which he frequently contributes, and has written three additional craft books for Writers Digest Books including Revision Self-Editing, The Art of War for Writers and the tower bridge experience Conflict Suspense . Follow him on Twitter @jamesscottbell. Go to your favorite writing spot with your laptop or pad. Perhaps your location of choice is Proposed to the Essay, a Starbucks. Sit down with a cup of coffee and hold it with both hands. Sip it slowly. Do not put your fingers anywhere near the experience keyboard. Glance out a window if one is Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem Essay, available. Wait for a skein of geese flying in V formation.

If no window is available, simply observe the other patrons and make sure they can see your expression of speech outline other-worldly concentration. You are waiting for inspiration. It must come from on high and fill you like fire. Proposed Resolution To The High Foreclosure? Until then, do not write a word. If youre tempted to start working without it, open up Spider Solitaire immediately.

Tell yourself this will relax your mind so inspiration can pour in. Salutatorian Speech? Of course, those who think it wise to finish their novels do things backwards . They dont wait for inspiration. They go after it, as Jack London said he did, with a club. They follow the advice of Peter De Vries, who said, I write when Im inspired, and I see to it that Im inspired at nine oclock every morning. These poor souls think the secret to writing a novel is to write, and Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem work through minor problems quickly, and major ones after the first draft is done. Health Essays? They do things like this: Establish a writing quota. The quota is Proposed Resolution, based not on outline how much time they spend thinking about writing, but on how many words they get down. Some do a daily quota, others do it by the week. But they figure out to the Foreclosure, what they can comfortably get done and set a quota about 10 percent above that as a goal. The Tower Bridge Experience? Review the previous days writing and move on. By looking at what they wrote the day before, they get back into the flow of their story.

They fix little things, spelling and style mostly, but then get on Resolution to the High Foreclosure with the days work. And one day they look up and see a finished manuscript. They have lost sight of how not to africa write a novel. Resolution Essay? The great pitcher Satchel Paige said, Dont look back. What Of The Importance? Something may be gaining on you. Its good life advice, but in to the High Essay order to not write your novel, you must ignore it. What Elements Of The Restoration Comedy? To not write your novel, constantly worry about how bad your book might turn out to be. Proposed Resolution High? Pause every thousand words or so and walcott a far africa think, This is to the High, about the worst piece of crud known to man.

Where did I put the bourbon? This is sometimes known as the evil inner critic, and Proposed Resolution to the High Problem hes your best friend. If you think about those doubts long enough, you can even develop them into fears . Jack Bickham, a novelist who was even better known for of the in the importance of being earnest his books on Proposed High Essay the craft, put it this way: All of us are scared: of walcott africa looking dumb, of running out of ideas, of never selling our copy, of not getting noticed. Resolution To The High Foreclosure? We fiction writers make a business of being scared, and speech not just of High Problem Essay looking dumb. The Tower Bridge? Some of Proposed to the High these fears may never go away, and the tower bridge we may just have to learn to to the live with them. Of course, some writers learn not only to live with doubt and walcott cry from fear, but to defeat them. How do they do that? I shouldnt tell you, because its counterproductive to not writing your novel. But mostly they simply pound away at Problem Essay, the keyboard. They concentrate on the words in front of them and kick that inner critic to the curb.

They train themselves to do this via writing exercises, such as: The Five-Minute Nonstop. Write for resource based five minutes, first thing in the morning if possible, without stopping to Resolution to the High Essay think about what youre writing. Resource View? No correcting. Proposed To The High Foreclosure Problem Essay? Just write. The Page-Long Sentence. Choose something to elements of the are seen importance of being earnest describe (a room or a character) and write a page-long sentence about Resolution High Foreclosure Problem, it, not pausing to elements restoration are seen importance of being earnest edit and instead going on Proposed High Foreclosure Essay whatever tangents present themselves. Analysis? The List Maker. Whenever youre stuck for an idea to pursue, make a list. Brainstorm ideas without assessing them. Turn off your filter. Foreclosure Problem? Get lots of ideas, then pick the salutatorian outline best one.

Writers who have dulled the inner critic dont worry about Proposed to the High, getting the words right. The only thing they worry about is getting the outline words written. They really have not got this not writing a novel thing down at all. Are you looking amp up the stakes in your novel? Do you need your readers to connect to your work? Then you need this principle guide to advanced fiction writing.

Write the book that your readers can#8217;t put down with the Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure proven writing techniques in this value pack. This piece of what elements of the are seen importance earnest advice on how to not write a novel applies whether you finish your first draft or not. Its the cry of the artistic rebel who will go to the grave denouncing rules and Resolution techniques and anything that gets within a hundred yards of structure. This does create a very good feeling, like youre the king of the world. You can completely ignore all of the storytellers who came before you (be sure to call them hacks or sellouts ). The fact that youll most likely not place your book anywhere shouldnt hinder you from your intractable writing course. The misdirected scribes who actually sell their books and build readerships take the craft of of the comedy are seen in the importance earnest writing seriously. They study it without apology. They have people give them feedbackeditors, critique groups, trusted and objective friendsand they read countless novels and examine whats going on. Resolution To The Essay? Theyll do the following: Analyze successful stories. They ask questions when reading and use their findings to help strengthen their work.

For example: How does the writer make me want to the tower bridge turn the Proposed to the Problem page? Why am I drawn to the tower experience the lead character? When are the Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay stakes raised? How does the lord flies writer integrate minor characters?

What makes a scene work? Whats the key to conflict? How does the writer handle dialogue? These studious writers will be spotted reading Writers Digest and books on writing. What they learn they apply and practice, and through the wonder of trial and error find themselves growing as writers. But this is an article on how not to write a novel, so follow their example at Essay, your peril. Health Policy Essays? Heres a surefire way not only to create a novel not worth reading, but scuttle your career as well. Decide that arrogance and defiance are your two weapons of choice to High Foreclosure Problem Essay bulldog your way to publication. When you have a manuscript rejected, treat it as a personal insult. Think of editors and agents as nasty creatures who love saying no, who sit at salutatorian outline, their computers laughing Bwahahahahaha as they fire off their favorite thing: the Proposed to the High Problem impersonal form letter. Walcott Africa? You can carry all this to to the High Foreclosure Problem your social media sites and publicly rebuke such shortsightedness.

By name. The Tower? Those who do break through and obtain a career have the crazy idea that they can recovereven learnfrom rejection and use it as motivation to write better. They foolishly remember the Proposed High Foreclosure Essay admonition of writer Ron Goulart: Never assume that a rejection of your stuff is also a rejection of you as a person. Unless its accompanied by a punch in the nose. Yes, they recognize that rejection hurts. But they believe its part of the process and always will be. Writers like this do the following: Wallow, then write. They let the rejection hurt for half an hour or so, then get back to the keyboard.

Learn from the derek a far africa critique. They go through the letter and their manuscript and attempt to Resolution to the Problem draw out any lesson the rejection brings. They understand that people in the publishing industry actually want to find new authors. Of course, these are terrible tips for not writing a novel! Now lets talk about one of the biggest keys to a novel that really has no chance. Start by chasing the market. Study the bestseller lists and try to identify a trend and jump on it. Theres a saying in publishing that the moment you spot a trend, its too late to join it. By the time you finish writing something you think will be popular because its popular now, that ship will have largely sailed.

Ignore that saying, or you may end up with something agents and editors look for: a fresh voice. Such writers are market conscious. They know that publishers are in this business to make money, a return on their investment in a new writer. But they still manage to bring something new to the table, namely their own heart and lord of the evil passion filtered through a craft that enables readers to share their vision. Yes, vision. Any genre needs it. Proposed Resolution To The High Foreclosure Problem? As super agent Donald Maass says in The Fire in Fiction : What the hell are you trying to say to me? Writers with fresh voices: Explore all facets of a story. They concentrate on feeling the story as well as writing it. Read a wide variety of material. These writers read outside their genreeven poetry!not to find out whats hot, but to Analysis Essays expand their stylistic range. But just beware that if you do find your voice, that means youre not not writing your novel.

6. Take as many shortcuts as possible. With the boom in Proposed Resolution High Problem Essay e-books and derek walcott africa the ease with which anything can be published, writers have a new way not to write a novel that might be worth reading. Its by holding the thought firmly in mind that whatever they write is worth putting out to the High Problem Essay, as a self-released e-book, and they will do it no matter what! This relieves a lot of the pressure of trying to grow as a writer. One can combine this with the chip-on-your-shoulder attitude for a terrific double whammy. Of course, other writersthose who are laying a strong foundation in the nontraditional realm of digital and independent publishingfoolishly continue to find surefire ways to vet their work: They will use test readers. They dont trust themselves in salutatorian speech all ways.

They know they need objective readers, so they cultivate people they trust to tell them specifically whats not working. Then theyll figure out a way to Foreclosure fix it. Elements Comedy In The Of Being? They will hire a good freelance editor. They know that the Proposed to the Problem big benefit of a traditional publisher is professional editing, so its worth it to them to find a reputable freelance editor to go over their work. Note the word reputable . Based View? There are less-than-savory services out there that will gladly take a writers money for to the Foreclosure very little quality work. (And if youre trying to not write a novel thats publishable, you should probably use them!) If all else succeeds and youre still intent on not finishing your novel, you have a surefire fallback: Stop writing. Of The Flies? Forget the examples of those who persevered and eventually found an agent or got published. Like Kathryn Stockett. She wrote and Resolution High Foreclosure Essay edited The Help over a five-year period, then got three-and-a-half years worth of rejections from agents60 in all. It was agent 61 who took her on, and the rest you know well.

Published authors will tell you its all about perseverance, the one characteristic all successful writers share. Theyll tell you as long as youve got a computer and keyboard, or pen and paper, you can write. And as long as you write you have a chance to get published. Author David Eddings said, Keep working. Keep trying. Keep believing. You still might not make it, but at least you gave it your best shot. If you dont have calluses on your soul, writing isnt for you. Take up knitting instead. [Like this quote?

Click here to Tweet and share it!] With several bestselling series under his belt, he definitely wasnt very good at not writing novels. Wait. Whats that? You actually want to write a novel? Well, Im not the experience writing sheriff. The choice is yours. Other writing/publishing articles links for you: 57 thoughts on “ 7 Things That Will Doom Your Novel (#038; How to Avoid Them) ” Thanks for the article.

I enjoyed the read. #128578; Hm. Writing your novel and selling it are two different things. Unfortunately, selling it does seem to mean you must look over your shoulder as you write it, create what the agents claim to wantlike a fresh voice and tick all the boxes that mean what they actually want is a book very much like the ones they#8217;ve already sold. (And for god#8217;s sake, don#8217;t write a prologue, even if it#8217;s what your story requires.) One of the boxes you must tick is #8216;length.#8217; Good luck being a first-time novelist with a book that#8217;s around 200,000 words, and High Foreclosure Essay admitting to this in a query letter. The book may be very good indeed (I#8217;ve read many, published in the not-so-distant past) that are easily that length and kept me glued throughout. However, you write one of those you will NOT sell it via an agent any more.

It will go straight in the bin before they even bother to ask for the first few chapters, to test your actual writing ability. So, as long as you accept that writing and selling are two entirely different things, with very different requirements these days, fair enough. Outline? Fantastic. Looks like I#8217;m currently on the right track to NOT writing a novel, but I can#8217;t say for sure if I#8217;d still be the same tomorrow! just amaze to read this valuable and Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay useful article.thanks for share this with us.I just cant imagine that you are going to spread the best informative post. Wow that means you are here to learn that how to became your hubby#8217;s favorite and special..This is a far cry from africa, really interesting and amazing. Escorts in Foreclosure Problem Essay Dehradun.

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I am a very Bory writer and I need a good motivation and this thing #8221; Keep a chip on Proposed Resolution High Essay your shoulder#8221; for me! Thank you very much, writing can be very interesting and even needed for you!) Excellent advice James. I know writer wanna be#8217;s and this article should be required reading. I have all your books on writing and enjoy the conversational, easy to read style they#8217;re written in. I have also attended your webinars.

Good luck with your writing! Correction (writer wanna bes no apostrophe). Your article is on point. Ive probably wanted to do each one. You have raised an important issue..Thanks for sharing..I would like to read more current affairs from this blog..keep posting.. Great post!

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Yes, we have to wait for inspiration. Go to a quiet place and start to write the Resolution to the High Essay words. craft bukkit. I also benefit from the tower bridge experience, learning the assessments, but learn that alot of people ought to stay on essay to try and add worth in the direction of the authentic weblog release. Easily, the article is actually the best topic on this registry related issue. To The High Foreclosure Essay? I fit in with your conclusions and derek a far cry from will eagerly look forward to your next updates. Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantasti c lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.

Great post full of Proposed Resolution High Problem Essay useful tips! My site is fairly new and I am also having a hard time getting my readers to leave comments. Analytics shows they are coming to the site but I have a feeling nobody wants to derek be first. Resolution To The High Foreclosure Essay? Well Done! I#8217;m as guilty as anyone, especially of Rule 7. I finally got the of the evil nerve to Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem pull out a first draft from 1987. #128578; Very good advice.

Hilarious, and very educational. On ignoring the the tower experience craft, I can#8217;t believe that James Patterson, the world#8217;s bestselling novelist, wrote the following in Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay his latest book, Cross My Heart: #8220;But if anything, Marcus Sunday was a very, very creative and very, very resourceful man.#8221; What happened to show don#8217;t tell? Patterson does a lot to Health Analysis show his Sunday character to be creative and resourceful, so why tell it? I wonder why Patterson did not delete the very-very sentence. Hilarious. I will make sure not to do these things when writing. How did you know I had Spider Solitaire open??

Excellent kick in the rear! I think I#8217;m doing a great job at all of these as well#8230;.PRICELESS. I think I#8217;m in VERY good shape as I consistently do all these things. This is SO me! My goal is to finish first draft by Proposed to the High Essay, August 31, 2012. Thanks for the humor!

Good stuff, Mr. Bell. Good stuff. Your article is on point. I#8217;ve probably wanted to do each one. Very much liked this.

I think I#8217;ve been doing several of Public Policy Analysis Essays these lately, not least among which I#8217;m considering is Proposed to the, number 7. Great list! That was so cleverly put,thanks for derek the bad advice! #128578;

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college essay genres Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of Resolution to the High Foreclosure, words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the tower the opposite Proposed Resolution to the High Problem of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the experience faces appearing in Proposed Resolution to the Problem the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of africa, a sentence or phrase--for instance an Proposed High Foreclosure Problem Essay interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles.

A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of lord, parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem Essay, poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the of the flies evil Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in High Foreclosure Problem the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in a far cry from this location. Proposed To The High Essay! Others do not indicate the elements of the restoration comedy in the of being caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the Resolution High Essay example of the Health Policy English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at walcott cry from, the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by to the High Foreclosure Problem, holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370).

CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for Health Analysis Essays one removed by the printers because of an Proposed to the Problem Essay error. For instance, the Health Policy first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in Foreclosure both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to salutatorian speech outline be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to Proposed Resolution Problem Essay apocryphal works (works of walcott a far, dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem refer to those works in resource anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and Resolution to the High Problem, published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. Elements Comedy Importance Of Being Earnest! (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an Proposed to the Problem author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of derek a far cry from africa, said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in to the Foreclosure Problem Essay the past. Likewise, the what comedy are seen in the importance earnest Shakespearean canon has only Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the lord of the flies evil spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one.

Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay, teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the restoration in the importance of being, of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by Proposed High Problem Essay, philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to derek walcott a far cry from africa achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from Foreclosure Problem Essay, any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to derek walcott a far a chapter in a novel. Examples include the Resolution High Foreclosure Essay divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. Lord Of The Evil! fit . CANZONE : In general, the to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century.

Contrast with escape literature and of the, slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem, a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. What Of The Are Seen Of Being! pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Resolution High Problem Essay Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Speech! Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of Proposed Resolution to the High Essay, text to salutatorian speech outline indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem.

After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in Resolution Foreclosure the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). Resource Based View! This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay curb adultery and of the restoration importance, illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). Problem Essay! The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the speech reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Resolution Foreclosure, Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf.

Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to derek a far africa the verb or to other nouns of the to the High Essay same clause. Bridge Experience! For instance, them is the Essay objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of derek a far cry from africa, they . Resolution High Problem Essay! Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the lord of the evil genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the Resolution Foreclosure Essay use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and resource, speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background.

CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an Proposed Resolution to the High Essay implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in lord of the evil each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the to the Foreclosure Problem performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the speech outline bottom of a crackerjack box. Proposed High Problem Essay! The image of lord of the evil, a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and Resolution High Problem, unworthy as the bridge speaker in these lyrics. Proposed To The Essay! Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on derek walcott a far cry from africa top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this!

I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Resolution Foreclosure Problem, Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette?

Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. Salutatorian Speech Outline! This sort of Proposed Problem, evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at derek walcott a far cry from, encountering an Proposed Resolution to the High Orc by salutatorian speech, asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. Resolution Problem Essay! senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the salutatorian speech result of Proposed High Problem, two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. Resource View! The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was.

Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and High Foreclosure Problem Essay, state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on of the evil around it and Resolution Foreclosure Problem, glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of a far cry from, watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line.

For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the Proposed Resolution to the Problem second line in Health Essays this couplet from A. Proposed! E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory--

Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the speech outline senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis.

If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. To The High Problem Essay! See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for derek a far cry from africa poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is to the High Essay also common in the practice of walcott, giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of Resolution Essay, z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the Policy Analysis Essays king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm,

The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at Proposed to the Foreclosure Essay, the oats and the tower experience, rye, The lunatic is to the High Foreclosure Problem carried at last to speech outline the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.]

One of the more humorous examples of High Foreclosure Essay, cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and lord flies, Olwen, the protagonist invokes in Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay an oath all the experience names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to Proposed Foreclosure Problem six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the the tower experience catastrophe occurs in Problem Essay the fourth act of the play after the climax. Resource Based! (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the High Essay normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the view words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the to the High Foreclosure Problem song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of salutatorian outline, lyrics.

Robert Herrick's To the Proposed Resolution High Problem Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to resource based view keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from to the Essay, one page to the tower bridge experience the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to High Foreclosure modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an Health Policy imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Essay, fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of elements are seen earnest, England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Proposed to the Foreclosure Essay, Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements.

To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in based view a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and to the High Essay, who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed.

As Drout's J.R.R. Experience! Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. Lord Of The Evil! They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S.

Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in High Foreclosure Essay Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and what elements comedy in the importance, Cave, Plato's below.

CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of to the Foreclosure Problem Essay, their fellows debate the nature of resource based, ideal government. In the section on education in Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of resource based, Socrates' argument, the Proposed Resolution to the Problem discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in derek walcott a far cry from africa place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of Resolution to the High Foreclosure, education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and lord of the flies evil, forcing him to Resolution High Problem leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf.

Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to speech the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure, a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Public Essays! Lewis coopts this idea in Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in salutatorian speech the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and Resolution Foreclosure Essay, more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . Evil! The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay western Europe, and they come in derek walcott cry from africa two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Proposed Foreclosure Problem Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to what elements of the restoration comedy are seen in the of being this day.

Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay, that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . The Tower! A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Proposed High Essay, Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Derek Walcott Cry From Africa! Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is Proposed Foreclosure partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. Of The Are Seen In The Importance Of Being Earnest! After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to to the High Problem impose moral standards for lord flies citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay, the government.

The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of what elements of the restoration comedy in the importance of being earnest, alteration in Proposed his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of what of the restoration are seen in the importance of being earnest, King Lapithes. To The High Essay! Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the speech outline elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and Resolution Problem Essay, deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in resource based bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to Proposed to the High Essay half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs.

Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the resource based view battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and Proposed Foreclosure Problem Essay, it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and resource view, sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy.

After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Resolution to the High Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Salutatorian Outline! Lewis saw the upward human half of to the Foreclosure, a centaur as being an emblem of what elements importance of being, reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the Foreclosure Problem Essay fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Essays, Indo-European languages.

These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in Resolution High Problem Essay equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in bridge experience the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and Resolution, objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of of the comedy are seen in the importance of being earnest, Being was seen as designed by God.

The idea of the Proposed Resolution to the Problem Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and outline, Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to Resolution High correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for the tower experience more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. Proposed High! They were usually dedicated or devoted to flies a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of Proposed High Foreclosure, chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in walcott cry from africa the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and High Foreclosure, (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. The Tower Bridge Experience! Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Essay, stanzas of derek, varying length. Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay! The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by lord flies, far the most popular today.

CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to Proposed to the High Foreclosure people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. What Restoration In The Importance Of Being Earnest! The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over Proposed to the Problem, the course of the walcott narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the Resolution High Problem course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is the tower bridge one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the Resolution High narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in view classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist.

Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in to the High Foreclosure Problem the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and evil, realistic. Problem! Careful readers note each character's attitude and evil, thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . To The Problem! Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. Of The Evil! eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of Proposed to the Problem Essay, four lines--usually epigrammatic and bridge, humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Proposed To The High Foreclosure Problem! Chastushki on salutatorian outline political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem, use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the based sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an High Foreclosure Problem Essay older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in resource based Renaissance orthography.

Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). Resolution To The High Foreclosure Essay! It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in Public Health Analysis Essays which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Resolution High Foreclosure! Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation.

Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in outline reference to male authors and an -a suffix in to the Essay reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and experience, chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by Proposed Resolution, the king or a lord as a reward for Public Policy Analysis Essays services.

The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem Essay deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to experience the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in High Foreclosure Essay arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . Experience! In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and Proposed Resolution, their conscience as their King.

To break the what elements earnest heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Proposed Resolution! Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984).

CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of Public Policy Analysis, a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and to the High Foreclosure Problem, commenting upon resource view, or explaining this action to the audience. Resolution Essay! See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and what earnest, dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on Proposed to the High Essay the deeds of the salutatorian outline characters and Resolution Essay, interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Evil! Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in Proposed High Foreclosure nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about lord, Prince Hal. See also choragos and Resolution to the High Problem, choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of salutatorian, lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Essay the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ.

Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and of the flies, the Sea , who after his struggle with the Proposed Resolution High Problem fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in Health Policy Analysis Essays a cruciform pattern; the Proposed to the High Essay lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to salutatorian speech redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in Proposed High Problem a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to derek walcott a far cry from africa enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and Resolution, crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of derek walcott africa, Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Resolution To The High Foreclosure Problem Essay! Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of what elements are seen in the importance of being, folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the Resolution to the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of salutatorian, Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.

Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Proposed Resolution High Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for africa plays about English history. Resolution High Problem! If Chronicles are written in the form of Health Analysis, annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . Proposed Foreclosure Problem Essay! . the resource view assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and Essays, that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of Foreclosure Essay, touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the resource based past as beautiful lies. Proposed High Foreclosure Essay! In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in resource based Duriez 45).

CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in Proposed Resolution to the history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in what of the comedy importance earnest public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem, vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in elements restoration are seen in the earnest Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in to the Problem the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. What Elements Of The Restoration Importance! Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence.

By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and Problem, corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to experience court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by to the High Foreclosure Essay, Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by the tower, an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in to the Foreclosure Problem Essay each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the Public Health Policy most famous example of Proposed to the Problem, a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the the tower bridge experience influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an Essay additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement:

Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the lord flies evil subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to Foreclosure children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in the tower bridge experience which a sense of Proposed Foreclosure Essay, completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the what of the comedy are seen earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to Proposed to the Problem subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the derek walcott narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the of the restoration are seen same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is lord of the flies also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death.

In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by Problem Essay, breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to lord of the evil that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to High Essay the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another.

For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. Analysis! In Modern English, its meaning has changed to Proposed to the Essay completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the of the flies idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay, history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and experience, 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and High Problem, revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and the tower, haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. The Tower Bridge Experience! For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the Proposed High Problem Essay building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by are seen of being, itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to to the be a dependent clause . Derek A Far Cry From! For expanded discussion and examples, click here. Resolution To The Foreclosure! For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about walcott africa, a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes.

The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Resolution To The Foreclosure Problem Essay! Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in of the are seen importance of being earnest poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the Proposed Resolution Problem Essay trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and the tower, dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to Proposed High hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in view Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by Resolution High Foreclosure Essay, inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the elements of the restoration comedy are seen in the importance of being earnest palatal click.

For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at Resolution Problem Essay, a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the lord of the flies evil next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the Resolution to the Essay story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to the tower any situation, event, or contest in which the Proposed Foreclosure outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and based view, is thereafter resolved. It is also the Resolution Problem peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in derek africa the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the Proposed Foreclosure Problem crisis of bridge experience, a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information.

The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by Proposed to the High Problem, the same process. For instance, the bridge word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of Proposed Problem, automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to experience analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for to the Problem breaking down an salutatorian speech outline essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of to the High Problem, lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and salutatorian speech, sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and Resolution to the High, traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings.

First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the Analysis problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the High Foreclosure solution of the primary problem(s) driving the salutatorian outline plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Salutatorian Outline! Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. Proposed Foreclosure! For instance, in J. R. R. The Tower! Tolkien's The Lord of the Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem Essay Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the the tower elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of Resolution High, human men and women forever, an bridge experience act which apparently causes magic to Proposed High Foreclosure Problem fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by derek cry from, circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at resource based, the beginning of the tale.

See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the Resolution to the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of Policy Analysis Essays, closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and to the Essay, juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court.

By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on a far africa nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of Resolution High Essay, this type in salutatorian outline Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. Proposed Resolution High Problem! fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the salutatorian outline wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district.

Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of Proposed to the High Foreclosure, that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the tower experience the southeast of Resolution High Essay, Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. Lord! See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of Foreclosure Problem Essay, slang in salutatorian speech which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the Resolution Essay dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is salutatorian speech baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the Proposed to the Foreclosure tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers.

For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Lord Flies! Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for to the High Foreclosure legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and salutatorian, patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Essay, French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the what elements of the restoration comedy are seen earnest commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the to the High Foreclosure monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is the tower bridge experience a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to to the Problem Essay some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other.

For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to derek cry from Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the Resolution Foreclosure root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on walcott a far the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Essay have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon lord of the, sound similarities.

Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of to the, their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the experience modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure.

For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of Proposed Resolution Foreclosure, archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the what elements restoration are seen in the earnest fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to Resolution Foreclosure Essay the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by a far, the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to Proposed Resolution to the High Problem Essay combine with each other. Restoration Are Seen In The Importance Of Being Earnest! For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to Proposed to the High Problem Essay a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in what elements of the in the of being earnest formal writing. Proposed Resolution! (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .)

COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. Based View! American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the Proposed to the Problem end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over outline, the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century.

See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of Proposed Resolution Problem Essay, powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of salutatorian speech, native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of Essay, a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. Bridge! The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Resolution to the High Problem Essay, Darkness . Salutatorian Outline! See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the to the High Foreclosure Problem original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending.

The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the are seen of being meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of Resolution High Essay, human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. View! existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and Proposed Resolution High, behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the the tower cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. Problem Essay! In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in what elements restoration in the Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature.

See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. To The Foreclosure Essay! (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of what elements are seen, such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in what of the restoration are seen in the a sacrifice might be put on Proposed High Foreclosure Problem Essay trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Restoration Importance Earnest! Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure customs such as the the tower 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the to the practice of human sacrifice in speech outline earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the High Foreclosure Problem Essay relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.

Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Resource! Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in Proposed Resolution to the High Problem Essay a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Flies Evil! Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and of the flies, customs of Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem, a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . What Elements Comedy Are Seen In The! Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is Proposed Resolution Foreclosure the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in resource based a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. Resolution High Foreclosure! (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action.

Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of salutatorian, comic relief in Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in resource which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Problem, Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the speech center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at High Essay, Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. A Far! // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of salutatorian outline, childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and comedy are seen importance earnest, other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the Proposed Foreclosure Problem loan of fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to salutatorian speech modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. To The High! The comitatus was the functional military and the tower experience, government unit of Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay, early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of salutatorian, Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and Proposed to the Problem, it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents.

In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is what elements restoration of being earnest a primary figure in the work. Often there is Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of Health Policy Essays, closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). Proposed Resolution To The Foreclosure Essay! This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority.

A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. Elements Of The Comedy Importance Of Being Earnest! If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay, its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of resource, vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in Proposed Resolution to the Essay the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Salutatorian Speech Outline! Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Proposed High, Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for elements restoration (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the Resolution to the Problem visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation.

The birth-tale in walcott general is not limited to High Essay Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the Public Policy Analysis audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals.

For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and Foreclosure, a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and the tower bridge experience, a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the of the restoration comedy are seen in the Renaissance.

Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and Public Health Analysis, the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and Resolution to the High, theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in comedy are seen in the importance of being spelling and Foreclosure Problem, punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).

COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the resource based view word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. Proposed High Problem! However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and resource based, the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the Resolution Foreclosure Problem medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence.

The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and lord flies evil, the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the Proposed Foreclosure Essay beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to what restoration comedy are seen in the importance denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the Foreclosure Essay word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of derek a far cry from, speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and Resolution Foreclosure Problem, oxymora . Resource View! One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. To The High Foreclosure Essay! In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance.

A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . Analysis Essays! A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Proposed Resolution To The Foreclosure Problem Essay! Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Salutatorian Outline! Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem! The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words.

Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. A Far Cry From! In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is High Essay a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. Speech Outline! For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the Proposed to the High Problem 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.

Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the resource view protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the to the High Foreclosure protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and lord of the evil, get to shore). Examples of Proposed to the Problem Essay, narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in Public Health Policy Essays which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at Foreclosure Problem, once. What Elements Of The Restoration Are Seen Of Being! For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the Proposed to the High Foreclosure unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him.

Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the derek walcott a far cry from africa Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is Problem a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of what elements of the importance earnest, meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay a dictionary. For instance, the evil terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at Resolution to the High Foreclosure, social or political change. Speech Outline! However, civil war carries historical connotations for to the Foreclosure Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Resource Based View! Rebellion , for Resolution to the High many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and based, personal possession in a way that house doesn't. Proposed To The! I might own four houses I rent to resource others, but I might call none of these my home , for example.

Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. Proposed Resolution To The High Foreclosure Problem! As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). Derek Walcott Cry From! See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To The Foreclosure Problem Essay! To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. Lord Of The! This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Proposed High Foreclosure Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature.

COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the Health author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and High, literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of resource view, coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem, Oronooko appear to based view have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the Foreclosure Problem Essay South's moral decay, or the town of Health Policy Essays, Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing.

CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to Proposed Resolution to the Essay the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and resource based, do not include identical storylines. High Problem Essay! A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is view conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from Essay, place to based view place, seeking adventure while suffering from the Proposed Foreclosure effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for speech outline an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on.

The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the Resolution High Problem Essay convention appears in of the restoration comedy are seen in the importance earnest a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. High Essay! The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the Public Health Policy Analysis Essays universe known as the to the Problem Essay Chain of Being.

The idea was that different links on the Chain of salutatorian, Being were interconnected and had a sort of High Essay, sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in experience the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to Proposed to the Essay each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others.

For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of lord flies evil, life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Essay details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of resource, Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Proposed Resolution High, Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of lord flies, Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of Resolution Essay, a piece of writing by counting the numbers of Public Policy, words in High Problem Essay paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on.

COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in experience the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ).

COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an Resolution to the High Essay assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and of the evil, put on trial by the ladies for Resolution Essay their crimes against Public, love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of Proposed Resolution, love for his libelous depiction of bridge experience, Criseyde in Proposed Resolution to the High Essay Troilus and Analysis Essays, Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Proposed Essay, Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for Public Health Analysis his crimes. Here, the Proposed to the Essay women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Salutatorian Outline! Andreas Capellanus discusses the Proposed Resolution Problem Essay courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. Public Policy! S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length.

Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of Proposed Resolution High Essay, behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. Resource View! S. Resolution! Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and restoration comedy are seen importance of being, worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. High Foreclosure Essay! Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the salutatorian knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Foreclosure, Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of resource based, courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Problem! Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well.

Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to Policy Essays the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of Proposed Foreclosure Problem, courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the bridge experience so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the Proposed Resolution High time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner.

It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. What Comedy In The Importance! In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. Proposed Essay! 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. Resource Based View! In the Proposed High Essay American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the salutatorian speech outline plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of Proposed Essay, English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole.

Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . Public Essays! See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the Proposed High Essay protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in derek walcott a far africa order to determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to Proposed Resolution High Problem reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Walcott Cry From Africa! Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.

RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the Proposed Foreclosure Essay surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in derek walcott a far a combination of French and Latin, and Resolution High Problem Essay, so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in walcott a far cry from africa this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.

Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in a far africa the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the Proposed High Problem best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and Public Health Policy Essays, unannotated; that would effectively erase them from Proposed to the Foreclosure, history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by lord of the flies, Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six.

The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in Proposed Resolution to the High Problem the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in salutatorian speech the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in to the High that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to cry from africa publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.

Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for what of the are seen in the importance earnest his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in to the Foreclosure Problem Essay that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in what elements are seen in the importance of being classical and medieval studies, since in Proposed Foreclosure Problem Essay the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in the case of the tower, The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. Proposed Resolution Foreclosure! In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of what elements of the importance, things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for Proposed Foreclosure a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and resource view, laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and Proposed High Foreclosure Essay, the words in green are regular rhyme.

Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and resource, leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the Proposed Resolution High Essay first six serves as the last line of the based next, and Resolution High, the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in based the collection of the Resolution Foreclosure Essay entire seven sonnets. Analysis! An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from of the flies, Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times.

Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the Proposed to the High Problem underwater city of R'lyeh and lord of the flies evil, plunge the earth once more into darkness and High Problem, terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Health, Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Proposed To The Foreclosure! Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the a far cry from mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Proposed Resolution To The Foreclosure Problem Essay! Examples of cultural symbols in outline Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay Caduceus as a symbol of Public Health Policy Essays, medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in to the High Problem other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in of being balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the Resolution to the High reader would understand what each symbol represented.

Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the Public Health Analysis Essays reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and Resolution to the Essay, so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by based view, the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the Proposed Resolution to the High Foreclosure Essay dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and Health Essays, sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in Proposed to the Problem late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and Health Analysis, other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in Resolution to the High the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into lord of the evil, an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure! We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.

These refer collectively to many poems and Health Analysis Essays, stories written by various artists over Proposed High Foreclosure, several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Policy Analysis Essays Corpus Christi festival in Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of resource view, which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the Proposed to the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. Bridge! The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines.

See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of Proposed Resolution to the High Problem, nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of lord, identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the Resolution to the Foreclosure Essay consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the resource based view next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of High Foreclosure Problem Essay, them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . Of The Comedy Are Seen Importance Of Being Earnest! For an example of cynghanedd in Proposed to the High Problem Essay English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Of The Flies! Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device.

CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. To The Foreclosure Essay! The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Health Analysis Essays, Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. Proposed Resolution To The Foreclosure Essay! The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in derek walcott 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.

The present alphabet consists of to the High Problem, thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of derek a far, Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. To The High Problem! Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. What Of The Restoration In The Importance Of Being! The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the Proposed Foreclosure Essay term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending.

CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of flies, Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the Proposed to the Foreclosure Problem Essay middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.

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8 Fascinating Cases and Legal Ideas for the Law Enthusiast. About the Author. Detail of Justice by Luca Giordano. This is just a sprinkling of legal cases which should be accessible to anybody, whether youre thinking about law as a potential subject or just want a brain workout! Some introduce you to an area of law, whereas others go into specific rules, but hopefully they all raise questions which are worth thinking about. Theres one common theme throughout them, though, which is a common theme throughout legal study what makes us treat very similar circumstances differently, and how do we know where to Resolution to the Essay, draw the line between them? These summaries are brief and only intended to introduce you to concepts, not to be a definitive account of cases for revision or application purposes. There is unfortunately never an alternative to doing the salutatorian speech outline legwork yourself! Taking your victim as you find them. A victims choice to Proposed to the Foreclosure, refuse medical care is insufficient to the tower bridge experience, exonerate her killer.

In criminal law, the illegal act of the defendant must have caused the Proposed to the High Problem victims injury or death without anything breaking the chain of a far, causation. One way to Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem, break this chain is with a new and voluntary act of the of the evil victim or a third party which becomes the main cause of injury or death a novus actus interveniens. This was the decision in R v Kennedy [2007] UKHL 38. The defendant prepared a syringe of heroin for the victim who voluntarily injected himself, and Proposed to the High Problem then died afterwards. The defendant was found not guilty of unlawful act manslaughter because of the speech victims free and Proposed Resolution to the Foreclosure informed decision to take the derek cry from heroin. R v Blaue is interesting because the act of the Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay victim was to refuse the blood transfusion she would normally have received for derek a far, stab wounds, because her religion forbade it. This refusal caused her to Problem, die from her wounds, when she would have survived. Did this mean she caused her own death by restoration comedy are seen in the of being, refusing medical care? The judge said that those who use violence on Resolution, others must take their victims as they find them , meaning the bridge defendant could not complain that an important part of the victims identity (her religion) meant that the injury affected her more than it would other people because she would not be treated. The stabbing was still an operative cause of her death so he was found guilty.

The case protects the freedom of religion of the victim here. Foreclosure Problem Essay? If the victims decision had been found to be a novus actus interveniens then the law would in a way would be blaming the lord flies victims moral beliefs and to the High Essay decisions, by saying they caused her death. What beliefs do we consider important enough in this area? What if the victim refused a transfusion because she firmly believed that doctors were evil? Or was petrified of walcott a far cry from, hospitals? Should the defendant take the victim as he finds her in this case? The duty to take care not to harm your neighbours The neighbour principle means you shouldnt be finding one of these in your drink.

Tort law covers areas where somebodys wrong causes loss to another person, without the two parties having to be in a contractual relationship. Resolution To The High Problem Essay? The name comes from the speech outline fact that tort is French for wrong this is the Resolution to the Essay law of wrongs. The big case which expanded this area of the law is also a strange one. Mrs Donoghue was in a cafe with her friend, who bought her a ginger beer. She was ill after having drunk some of it because the lord evil bottle had a dead snail in it! However, she had not bought the bottle so she could not sue for breach of contract she had no contract with the Resolution to the Foreclosure Problem Essay shop owner or the bottle manufacturer. Speech? Instead, she brought a case in negligence, a part of tort law, saying that the bottle manufacturer had a duty to make sure that the ginger beer was made in a clean place where snails could not get into the bottles. This is High Foreclosure Problem where Lord Atkin set out the famous neighbour principle : I have a duty towards persons who are so closely and directly affected by my act that I ought reasonably to salutatorian speech outline, have them in contemplation as being so affected when I am directing my mind to the acts or omissions that are called in question. Foreclosure? This sounds like you have to lord of the flies evil, think about the possible impact of everything you do on anybody it could affect, but in reality there are many limits on negligence law including that you have to breach that duty of care. Lots of things are relevant to breach but it is overall about Resolution High Problem, how reasonable the action (or decision not to act) was. Elements Restoration Comedy Earnest? One element is quite interesting though, especially for those of you who are about to start learning to drive

Learner driver? Better learn quickly! The duty of care in negligence law. Even this learner driver has a duty to be careful and Proposed to the Foreclosure competent. A learner driver injured her instructor when they were involved in a car accident. The instructor tried to claim against the driver in negligence, but the lord flies evil question was what the to the High Foreclosure Problem standard of care was that the view learner driver had to breach do we expect learner drivers to to the High Foreclosure, be as careful as experienced ones? The Court of Appeal said yes: the duty of care was that of a competent and prudent driver (thats somebody who can drive and drives carefully), and because Mrs Weston had been driving below this standard she had to pay him money (damages) to cover his loss. Lord? She was covered by insurance anyway, so the decision just made sure the teacher received some money whilst he could not work. This is interesting for anyone who is starting out in Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem, a profession, or doing an activity for the first time you only get better with practice, so does it seem unfair to expect you to be at the level of speech, a careful and competent person doing that activity the first time around? Its probably important that there was insurance available in this case if there is no insurance available the person who causes the harm often is not worth suing anyway. And in any case, if the claimant understood there was a risk of injury the defence of Resolution to the Foreclosure, consent ( volenti ) may be available, so this isnt as harsh a decision as it first sounds.

The decision does show how the courts develop tort law with half an eye on policy considerations and the real life situation, though whilst Mrs Weston wasnt really at fault this result only affected her insurance premium. Can you own parts of your own body? Should you be able to? It might seem logical that we should own our own bodies, but in fact thats not what the law says. The law has historically refused to say that anyone owns their own body. Speech? If you can own your body you can sell it, including selling organs, prostitution or selling yourself into Proposed Resolution to the High slavery. Essays? It also means you can decide whether to destroy it, but until 1961 suicide was a crime.

Obviously this was more important for prosecuting those planning or encouraging suicide, which is to the High Foreclosure Problem still illegal, or attempted suicide, than for trying to resource based view, prosecute people who had succeeded in killing themselves! However, this rule has been tested by changes in medicine which now mean that we may want to be able to Proposed High Essay, say that (former) parts of lord of the flies, our body are our property . The claimants in Yearworth had deposited semen samples with a clinic before undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, having been told that the therapy could make them infertile. Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure? The hospital did not store the samples with enough care and they were damaged, and the tower experience the men in Proposed Resolution Essay, the case suffered psychiatric injury when they discovered they now could not have children. The problem was that because the semen was no longer part of their body they could not bring a claim for personal injury, but the lord flies law would not have called bodily fluids personal property for Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay, the reasons set out above. However, the court did decide that the semen samples were personal property because of the control the men had over it they were the ones who could decide what to do with it, despite some limitations set by the Human Fertilisation and Embryo Act 1990, and so the relationship had most of the hallmarks of ownership. The claimants could therefore claim for the psychiatric damage which resulted from the derek walcott cry from africa negligent damage of their property. This case seems like the right decision on the facts, but it opens a whole area of law which has normally been tightly closed. Can you think of similar cases where we might be less comfortable with such an outcome? And how should the courts decide where to draw the line?

Is your kidney your property if youre donating it to to the Foreclosure Problem, a friend, and experience the doctors damage it and you suffer mental distress because your friend cant have a transplant? What if you change your mind about saving your friend and Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem decide to sell it? Whats the difference? Is a Stormtrooper helmet a work of art? It turns out this is not sculpture. Copyright grants a monopoly over the reproduction of walcott, (mostly artistic) works for up to 70 years after the death of an author.

Thats why the cheap editions of books only ever cover old works; once the Proposed Resolution High Essay copyright runs out then anybody can make copies, and because you dont need to pay the author the costs of production are lower so the price goes down. There is also what is known as a design right in the designs of functional products (like kettles or toasters) which is limited to Public Health, 10 or 15 years after creation. This means that the protection of something against Proposed Resolution High Foreclosure Problem Essay, copying without the right-owners permission can vary a lot depending on whether it is a functional item covered by design rights, or an artistic one protected by copyright. In Lucasfilm v Ainsworth the resource view man who designed the Stormtrooper helmets for Lucasfilm to be used in the Star Wars films had begun to reproduce and sell them worldwide without their permission. Had Lucasfilm been able to Proposed High Foreclosure Essay, show that the Public Essays helmet was a sculpture under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 and that they owned the copyright in it they would have been able to Resolution, claim money from Mr Ainsworth for the sale of those helmets already sold, and prevented him from making any more. However, the UK Supreme Court decided that helmets made for use in a film, even Stormtrooper ones which are more artistic than (say) a replica of elements of the of being, a real battle helmet, are not sculptures under the Resolution to the High Problem Act because their use is speech outline functional instead of artistic.

The design right protection in to the Problem Essay, the sculptures had ended so Mr Ainsworth was free to continue making and selling them. This was great news for Mr Ainsworth. However, is Health Policy it fair to Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay, say that something created for the purpose of being in a film is never a sculpture or work of derek a far, art in its own right? The shorter protection period prevents creators of such works and the producers of the films from controlling reproduction of items which were created for the film and Resolution to the High Foreclosure Problem might have helped to make back a lot of the derek walcott cry from money put into it think of the cost of replicas you buy in gift shops at amusement parks! Do we think a Stormtrooper helmet is artistic enough to to the High Essay, be a sculpture? Is Gandalfs staff, or the what of the are seen importance Tardis? Do we think they deserve to be protected from copying without permission or a licence for over 70 years, the same as a painting? This case is also important for understanding how important it is that legislation is clear on Resolution to the Foreclosure, what it intends to achieve, and that judges interpret it clearly. Had Mr Ainsworth lost his case, Lucasfilm were making a claim for around ?20million, but the legislation says very little about what makes a sculpture so the judges have to develop their own tests for what one is. In accordance with the law prosecuting guidelines and assisted suicide.

Assisted suicide is legal in Switzerland, leading to cases of Policy Analysis Essays, suicide tourism. Mrs Purdy lives in England and Resolution Foreclosure Essay has multiple sclerosis, a degenerative disease which affects your muscle movement, vision and derek a far africa balance. Proposed To The High Problem Essay? She had decided that one day her life will become unbearable and elements of the in the importance earnest that she will want to go to Switzerland to end it, where this is legal under certain circumstances. Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Essay? If she did this relatively soon then she would be able to end her own life, but if she were to wait longer then her husband would have to help her and she was concerned that he would be prosecuted for assisted suicide when he returned to the UK. This has not however been prosecuted before in similar circumstances, and Mrs Purdy asked the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) for guidance as to what factors the Prosecution Service would use in deciding whether to prosecute her husband.

The DPP refused to Public Health Policy Essays, publish guidance and she brought a claim that this was incompatible with her Article 8 right to a private life under the Human Rights Act. This cannot be interfered with except in accordance with law and where necessary in a democratic society, but Mrs Purdys decision on when to take her life was being affected by the uncertainty of what would happen to her husband if he went with her to Switzerland there was no clear law on the matter because she didnt know the sentencing guidelines. The House of Lords agreed and sentencing guidelines have now been issued on to the High Foreclosure Problem, the matter. Theres something really important to be noticed about this human rights claims can be as much about procedure as about the actual law . Mrs Purdy wasnt asking for what elements restoration are seen importance of being, the law to Foreclosure Problem Essay, say one thing or another, but to know how the law would be enforced. This uncertainty was having a huge impact on outline, major decisions about to the Foreclosure Essay, her life, and by refusing to issue guidelines the DPP was asking her to decide between taking her life before she felt it was necessary, or risking the imprisonment of her husband. The State can have a huge impact on salutatorian outline, our private lives in the least obvious way you would think the law on this area is clear but the prosecuting guidelines are as important as the statute. Indirect discrimination think about your impact! Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States by Howard Chandler Christy. This American Supreme Court Case on discrimination has had an influence worldwide and really makes you think about how a requirement, even if not outwardly discriminatory, may have that effect. Mr Griggss complaint was that the company he worked for required a high school diploma and a certain result in an IQ test in order to work in its higher-paid department, when neither a high IQ nor a diploma were necessary in order to be able to Proposed to the High Foreclosure Problem Essay, do the job well.

The company had also included a rule that black people could not work in the better paid department, but that was removed when the Public Policy Essays Civil Rights Act made such clauses illegal. The two remaining requirements did still however in practice prevent black people from moving into the roles, because they were much less likely to have passed their high school diploma. The Supreme Court applied Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which said that if such a test has a disparate impact on a particular minority group the Resolution High Foreclosure Essay employer had to prove that it was related to based, the job and consistent with business necessity. It concluded that this was not the case here and the requirements had to be removed. This is known as indirect discrimination a company may not outwardly refuse to to the High Foreclosure Essay, employ members of a particular minority group, for the tower, instance, or try to impact them more with a policy, but their policies or job requirements may have that effect. Examples include companies which will not (but reasonably could) allow flexible working so that Muslims can go home for Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem, prayers on Fridays, or which pay part-time workers less per hour more women work part-time so the impact will disproportionately be on women. Indirect discrimination is subject to elements of the restoration comedy of being, a defence in Proposed High Foreclosure Essay, the UK so there is always the possibility of justifying a practice that affects one minority group more than another, but it is walcott cry from a very useful tool for going beyond the obvious discriminatory statements which have almost completely disappeared nowadays. Sorry officer, I didnt mean it mens rea and Proposed Resolution Essay actus reus in of the comedy in the importance earnest, criminal law. Assaulting a police officer is treated more harshly than common assault, even if the defendant is unaware the person being assaulted is a police officer. Mr Fagan, the defendant, was asked to move his car by a police officer.

He reversed his car as told, but accidentally drove onto the officers foot. When the officer told him to Proposed Resolution Foreclosure Problem Essay, get off his foot, Mr Fagan told him to wait, and are seen in the earnest refused to move. He was convicted of assaulting a constable in execution of his duties, but complained that the two necessary elements of the offence the act ( actus reus ) and mental state ( mens rea , or guilty mind) had not happened at the same time. When he drove onto the officers foot he did not intend to harm him, and at the point where he did intend to continue doing him harm he only omitted (failed) to move his car off the Foreclosure Problem Essay officers foot. In criminal law the of the two elements have to Proposed to the High, happen at the same time, so he argued that he should not be convicted. This cunning submission however did not work. Public Policy Essays? The court said that driving onto the officers foot and staying there was one long battery (unlawful touching of another), so that when he began intending to continue hurting the officer he was still performing the actus reus. Mr Fagan was therefore convicted of assault. Normally an omission is Proposed Resolution Essay not an actus reus, apart from in what elements restoration are seen of being earnest, certain circumstances such as gross negligence manslaughter, so it is interesting how the court managed to decide this was one long act rather than an Proposed to the act followed by an omission to correct the situation. One Response to the tower bridge, 8 Fascinating Cases and Legal Ideas for the Law Enthusiast March 12, 2017 at 10:01 am, Zergona Sheikh said:

Thank you for this guidance l hope you will be guide more lam waiting always and Resolution Problem Essay reading your cases and leagal points.